Young black men and adolescents made up more than a third of firearm homicide victims in the United States in 2019. This finding was just one of many disparities revealed in a review of mortality data from 2019 gun recently released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The analysis, released on Tuesday and titled “A Public Health Crisis in the Making,” found that although black men and boys in this age group – 15 to 34 – make up only 2% of the countries, they were among the 37% of homicidal firearms that year.
That’s 20 times higher than white males in the same age group.
Of all gun homicides reported in 2019, more than half of the victims were black men, according to the study conducted by the Educational Fund to Stop Gun Violence and the Coalition to Stop Gun Violence. And 63% of male victims were black.
The contrast is even more striking when the rates were compared to whites: At all ages, black men were nearly 14 times more likely to die in gun homicide than white men, and eight times more likely. likely to die in a gun homicide than white males. general population, including women.
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Black women and girls are also at greater risk. Black women had the greatest risk of being killed by a gun than women of any other race or ethnicity, and were four times more likely to be killed than white women.
“Gun violence has long been a public health crisis in the black community,” said epidemiologist Ed Clark of the Institute of Public Health at Florida A&M University.
The gun violence expert said a “holistic approach” was needed to reduce the number of gun deaths and injuries.
“This should really include seeing gun violence as a public health issue. Public health work is the well-being of the people – looking at how we can reduce the burden of disease or the threat of injury to the people. general population, ”he said. “And gun violence is definitely an issue that should be looked at through this lens.”
After black men and women, American Indians and Alaskan natives were the second most-at-risk group, according to the analysis, followed by Latinos and Hispanics.
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Most children and teens under 19 who died that year died from guns, according to the study, 1 in 10 deaths in this age group. This is the second highest total in two decades.
Evidence suggests that gun homicides increased “dramatically” last year during the pandemic, the authors said, but because of what they argued is a lack of timely data, “we will not know the extent of the problem for many months. “
Emerging data also suggests, the authors write, that suicides among blacks have increased disproportionately. Yet the study found that the majority of all gun suicide deaths, 73%, were white males. White males were more than twice as likely to die from gun suicide as non-commuters.
Sixty percent of all gun deaths in 2019 were suicides. A total of 39,707 people died from gun violence that year.
“Despite the limitations, data on gun deaths is the most reliable type of gun violence data currently available – but gun deaths are just the tip of the iceberg of gun violence. Many more people are shot and survive their wounds, are shot but not hit, or witness gun violence, “the review commentary read.” Many experience gun violence in other ways, by living in affected communities, losing loved ones to gun violence or being threatened with a gun.
Contact Nada Hassanein at firstname.lastname@example.org or on Twitter @nhassanein_.