Lambs, calves, cows, pigs: the fridges at the Faou abattoir (29) are well filled this weekend. In the morning, about fifty sheep, eight calves and about fifteen cattle were killed on the only slaughter line. A practice which will soon be over due to health standards which impose a slaughter line per category of animal. Built in 1962, by the river, and now surrounded by pavilions, the tool will be rebuilt in the fall, outside the small town, on the edge of the RN 165, by the community of municipalities.
Health and animal welfare issues common to Lannion slaughterhouse (22) whose reconstruction, by the agglomeration, began in Plounévez-Moëdec (22), in the heart of the cattle breeding area. Another new local slaughterhouse could see the light of day in Morbihan, in Saint-Jean Brevelay. The project is “still in the pipeline,” says Gaétan Le Seyec, breeder elected to the Morbihan chamber of agriculture.
“The agricultural transition must start with the food transition”.
Animal welfare and short circuit
Apart from a few private tools, like Quintin (22) or Vannes (56), local slaughterhouses are generally supported by local authorities, in a public service logic. “Because of their low profitability. But first of all because they are tools whose object is of public interest, ”recalls Éric Le Creurer, advisor in charge of agricultural economics and agro-ecological transition at Lannion Trégor community.
Beyond health safety and animal welfare, there is the question of the development of short circuits, in particular within the framework of territorial food projects. For the elected Trégorrois, the agricultural transition must begin with the food transition. “We need local tools as part of the development of local circuits,” also defends André Sergent, president of the Brittany chamber of agriculture.
“We need local tools as part of the development of local circuits”.
Open to individuals
These issues strongly mobilize public finances. € 4.8 million for the Lannion agglomeration, the objective of which is to increase annual production from 1,000 to 1,500 tonnes. € 10.5 million for Le Faou: under public service delegation since 1995, it is targeting 5,000 tonnes to continue to grow after reaching 3,800 tonnes last year.
President of the inter-communal slaughtering union of the Faou region, Mickaël Kerneis also defends the project with regard to the obligations incumbent on the public, in particular with regard to “administrative” slaughtering in the event of an epizootic, or the 3,300 private customers. followers of self-consumption and strong sheep slaughtering activity (20,000 heads last year).
A thin line between public and private
Two new slaughterhouses synonymous with economic development. By creating a cutting workshop and in view of the expected development, Lannion should gradually increase from seven to ten employees, after a move scheduled at the end of the year. Le Faou is targeting around 20 employees and related jobs.
However, the scale of this project makes people cringe. Thomas Doreau, the Quimpérois boss of Brittany meat (15,000 tons of cattle per year and € 7 million in investments in recent years), estimates that the € 2 million of the stimulus plan granted to Faou should be used for renovation, not for an increase in capacity intended to meet the needs of an industrialist. The Le Saint group, the first contributor to the intercommunal slaughterhouse, is considering building a cutting workshop there. Despite the reluctance of local elected officials and citizens, the project has been validated.
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