With the US potentially making DST permanent, many are wondering how did we get here and when did it all start?
The Senate on Tuesday unanimously passed a law that would put an end to the clock change. The bill will now head to the House and, if passed there, will be sent to President Joe Biden’s office.
So how did daylight saving time start in the first place?
Well, first of all, as a reminder, it’s called daylight saving time, not daylight saving time.
Some people like to credit Benjamin Franklin as the inventor of daylight saving time when he wrote in a 1784 essay on keeping candles and said, “Early to bed, early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise. But that was more of a satire than a serious consideration.
Germany was the first to adopt daylight saving time on May 1, 1916, during World War I, as a way to save fuel. The rest of Europe followed soon after.
The United States did not adopt daylight saving time until March 19, 1918. It was unpopular and abolished after World War I.
On February 9, 1942, Franklin Roosevelt instituted year-round daylight saving time, which he called “wartime”. This lasted until September 30, 1945.
Daylight saving time did not become standard in the United States until the passage of the Uniform Time Act of 1966, which imposed standard time across the country in established time zones. He said the clocks would go forward one hour to 2 a.m. on the last Sunday in April and go back one hour to 2 a.m. on the last Sunday in October.
States could still exempt themselves from DST, as long as the entire state did. In the 1970s, due to the 1973 oil embargo, Congress decreed a year-round DST trial period from January 1974 to April 1975 in order to conserve energy.
Daylight saving time continued to evolve. It now starts at 2am on the second Sunday in March and ends at 2am on the first Sunday in November. The change was advocated in part to allow children to do tricks or have fun in broad daylight.
Only two states do not apply daylight saving time, Arizona and Hawaii.
So what’s the next step?
The bipartisan bill passed in the Senate this week, named the Sunshine Protection Act, would ensure that Americans no longer have to change their clocks twice a year, starting in 2023. The move would essentially eliminate standard time, which many many states change. during the winter months.
It still needs to be passed by the House and signed by President Joe Biden before being approved.
If that happens, the change would result in later sunsets in Illinois, but also later sunrises.
Residents are used to sunset just after 4 p.m. in the month of December, but if the change were to take place next year, the first sunset of the year would be on December 8, 2023 at 5:21 p.m.
Dusk would allow some residual daylight to remain until just before 6 p.m.
The real change would occur at sunrise. With the one-hour daylight saving time, sunrise would not occur until after 8 a.m. for much of the winter, meaning morning commutes for students and workers would be a bit darker. .
In fact, sunrise would not occur until after 8 a.m. for nearly two months, from December 4 to February 3.