Health

What’s Causing The Spread Of “Flesh-Eating Bacteria” In Japan

STSS is a rare but serious bacterial infection caused by the group A Streptococcus bacteria.

Japanese health authorities are on alert after nearly 1,000 cases of the deadly infection were reported across the country. The disease, known as streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS), or “flesh-eating bacteria,” spreads quickly, leading to deaths in a short time.

STSS cases had reached 977 as of June 2 this year. That figure has already surpassed last year’s total of 941 cases, according to the National Institute of Infectious Diseases.

What is streptococcal toxic shock syndrome?

STSS is a rare but serious bacterial infection caused by the Group A Streptococcus bacteria. It occurs when these bacteria enter deep tissues and the bloodstream, releasing toxins that cause a rapid and dangerous response in the body, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Although it is rare for a person with STSS to directly spread the infection to other people, less serious group A strep infections can progress to STSS if left untreated.

Symptoms

STSS begins with initial symptoms like fever, chills, muscle pain, nausea, and vomiting. Within 24 to 48 hours, this can lead to low blood pressure, organ failure, increased heart rate, and rapid breathing.

Group A Strep (GAS) usually causes strep throat in children, but in adults it can cause serious symptoms such as pain in the limbs, swelling, fever, and low blood pressure. This can quickly worsen into tissue death, breathing problems, organ failure and sometimes death, especially in people over 50.

Early medical care is very important to treat these serious symptoms and prevent complications.

Prevention

Preventing STSS involves practicing good hygiene, such as washing your hands regularly and covering your mouth when you cough and sneeze.

Take care of wounds properly and seek medical attention if there are signs of infection. This helps prevent the bacteria from causing other infections that can sometimes lead to STSS.

Diagnostic

Diagnosing STSS involves several tests, including blood tests to detect group A streptococcal bacteria and check organ function. A diagnosis is confirmed when a person has a group A streptococcal infection, low blood pressure, and signs of failure of two or more organs, such as kidney or liver problems.

Treatment

Treatment for STSS involves giving strong antibiotics intravenously to kill the bacteria. Patients also receive fluids to stabilize their blood pressure and help their organs function properly.

In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove infected tissue and prevent further problems. It is important to get treatment quickly to improve the chances of recovery and reduce the risk of serious complications or death from STSS.

News Source : www.ndtv.com
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