(CNN) – During non-pandemic summers, mainland Europe and the UK attract crowds of tourists from all over the world. Last summer they couldn’t do it. This summer, many should be able to do so, although the tangle of entry requirements will vary by country and could change quickly.
Here’s a guide to help you figure out where and when you can vacation this summer in the 27 European Union member countries and non-EU European countries.
When can I go?
This will vary depending on the country visited and the traveler’s home country. Across Europe and the UK, entry requirements and requirements differ from country to country, as does the timing. The EU is trying to create more universal requirements for tourism, but each country retains the sovereign power to control its borders in the event of an emergency.
Umbrellas on a beach in Agia Pelagia on the Greek island of Crete were ready for tourists on May 14, 2021. Greece has eased restrictions for some international visitors while EU-wide policies are still being finalized.
LOUISA GOULIAMAKI / AFP / AFP via Getty Images
On May 20, the EU also adopted a ‘road map’ or recommendation that would allow vaccinated travelers from outside the EU to travel to Europe; details are expected to be finalized by the end of June. The roadmap will give each country an ’emergency brake’ mechanism that would close borders if there is a new outbreak of Covid-19, either in the destination or in the traveler’s home country.
While EU-wide policies are still being finalized, a number of European countries have opened or will soon open their borders to non-European travelers under certain conditions; these include Greece, France, Italy, Spain, Turkey and Iceland.
Meanwhile, England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales – the UK’s four countries that are no longer part of the EU – have each set their own criteria for travel. tourism, reviewed every three weeks. These criteria involve a red, orange and green system that can lead to quarantine and various tests, depending on the traveler’s country of origin.
What proof will be required to show that I have been completely and correctly vaccinated?
In May, the EU adopted the concept of an ‘EU Covid digital certificate’ for its own citizens, proposing that it be in place by July 1. This would digitally prove that the certificate holder had been fully vaccinated with an EU-approved vaccine (AstraZeneca, Johnson & Johnson, Moderna or Pfizer), had recovered from Covid-19, or had tested negative.
While it is hoped that Americans will eventually be able to digitally provide the same information when they travel to Europe, in order to access it, it is unclear when and how this will happen, in part because the government American has not implemented a similar digital system. system. Currently, it appears that Americans are able to provide other types of evidence, such as their paper vaccination card, for travel within the EU.
A super moon unfolds behind the Eiffel Tower in Paris on April 27, 2021. France has also eased restrictions for some foreign visitors.
Sam Tarling / Getty Images
Will I need a Covid-19 test?
A Covid-19 testing requirement will depend entirely on your destination. For example, from now on England is forcing some visitors to test both before and after arrival. Italy now allows passengers on “Covid-tested flights” from the United States, Canada, Japan and the United Arab Emirates to surrender; passengers on these flights must test for Covid-19 before departure and upon arrival in Italy, as well as upon departure from Italy.
Anyone aged 2 and over returning to the United States will need to take a test within three days of their flight departing or prove that they have recovered from Covid-19.
Can I book now, before the rules are finalized?
You can certainly, although do extensive research into the cancellation and refund policies of any airline, hotel, tour operator, or attraction you are considering before you book, if there is a change – in your health or in the pandemic situation in your country or the country you are in. visit – this would cause you to cancel your trip.
Jennifer Tombaugh, president of Tauck, a Connecticut-based tour operator specializing in travel to Europe, says travelers can “absolutely book now, although they need to make sure they have a very good understanding of the cost of travel. The cancellation and any other restrictions. is that it is very important that you read the fine print, understand what payment is required, when, what is refundable and what is not. A tour operator or travel agent knowledgeable and trendy can help. ”
How quickly will destinations be booked, once new rules are announced?
It will depend on the destination and whether it already accepts tourists, for example from other European countries, USA or Asia.
Greece, which has been welcoming some tourists since mid-April, is a popular destination that will likely be booked quickly. The same goes for Portugal, which ended a ban on British tourists earlier this month (May).
It will probably be easier to book a vacation in a large European or UK city, where many hotel rooms are likely to be available, than in a small seaside resort with limited accommodation options.
People visit the Sagrada Familia Basilica in Barcelona on May 29, 2021. Spain plans to expand entry to vaccinated travelers in June.
Josep Lago / AFP via Getty Images
How difficult will it be to book a reasonably priced flight to Europe?
Terry Dale, president and CEO of the United States Tour Operators Association, suggests “book now – if you’re serious, get yourself a placeholder.”
He and Eduardo Santander, executive director and director general of the European Travel Commission, a non-profit organization that represents European national tourism boards, expect there to be a capacity shortage on flights to Europe, because travel has been there in such a flow, and it is not easy for carriers to respond quickly to the increase in demand.
However, Craig Jenks, an expert in the transatlantic airline market, believes that if you “book closer, there will be opportunities” somewhere, due to the imbalances between supply and demand. He suggests monitoring flights on websites like Google, Expedia, and Travelocity.
Will I be able to cancel, if there is a new shutdown or any other unforeseen event?
It will be entirely up to the travel provider – such as an airline, hotel, or tour operator – that you have booked. While most airlines have been very flexible in not applying cancellation or reservation modification fees during the pandemic, and some have even eliminated some modification fees, it is not known how long their flexibility will last. if the demand for air travel continues to strengthen.
Travel agents encourage the purchase of travel insurance: Some policies are now available that cover pandemic-related disruptions, such as Covid-related cancellation, Covid medical coverage, and additional accommodation or transportation.
Will I be able to visit more than one country in Europe, whether I am traveling by land or on some sort of cruise ship?
This situation is changing, as vaccination programs are deployed, allowing the opening of borders, and as new variants are discovered, which close borders. When the EU comes to an agreement on reopening standards and uses the Covid digital certificate, intra-European travel should be relatively easy and possible.
But, from now on, for example, Americans can travel to Greece without quarantine, but they cannot visit Germany or the Netherlands. If you are working with a tour operator or cruise line, they will have the latest information on intra-European travel.
Should I be tested or quarantined when I return to my home country?
What are the best sources of information to help me plan my trip?
Tom Jenkins, CEO of ETOA, the professional association of European tour operators, believes that major European cities have been hit by the pandemic and will therefore change. “Europe’s service economy is adjusting to huge changes in demand. Yet now is the perfect time to go. Michelangelo’s ‘David’ and Da Vinci’s ‘Mona Lisa’ haven’t caught Covid and they feel very lonely. “
“It will be an exciting and crazy time,” predicts Tombaugh. “Expect the unexpected and have a good sense of humor to make the most of the new travel world we are all discovering.”
Top photo: Balos beach and its lagoon on the island of Crete on May 13, 2021. Photo by Louisa Gouliamaki / AFP via Getty Images