This September 15 marks one more year of start of the War of Independence, which occurred in 1810, and which was the beginning for Mexico will free itself from the yoke of the Spanish, after 300 years of rule.
Although the Mexico’s independence It would conclude 11 years later, on September 27, 1821, the beginning of the armed movement was very important, and it was started by the priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla.
The beginning of the Independence of Mexico occurred with the famous Grito de Dolores, and thanks to this event, year after year the famos is heldor Cry of Independencecarried out by the current President of the country.
This tradition, in which the president of Mexico leaves the main balcony of National Palace and gives the Cry of Independence, it has been carried out for several centuries, and very few people know who was the first historical figure to carry it out.
He Cry of Dolores, performed by Miguel Hidalgowas given in the town of Dolores, located in the municipality of Guanajuato, today Dolores Hidalgo, Guanajuato, was a call to take up arms during the night of September 15 and the early morning of September 16.
In that occasion, Hidalgo, who is known as the Father of the Nationrang the church bell to summon the people and gather the crowd in the parish atrium.
The consolidation of the Independence It was not easy at all, Because many people died who risked their lives to achieve the freedom of the country. That is why the memory of 1810 could not disappear. The first commemoration of Grito de Dolores could not witness it Miguel Hidalgobecause when it happened he had already been shot.
This first commemoration was carried out Ignacio López Rayón and Andrés Quintana Roo, on September 16, 1812, just two years after the start of the war.
The first Cry of Independence was held in the building The Spire, Huichapanin the current state of Hidalgo.
Once consummated Independence of Mexico, in 1821, after the victory of the Trigarante Army, the first government of independent Mexico, which was a Provisional Government Board made up of Vicente Guerrero, Guadalupe Victoria and Agustín de Iturbide, declared the 16 of September as a national holiday.
In 1823, Guadalupe Victoria It was decided to take the remains of the first heroes to Mexico City to honor them as they deserved, depositing them in the Cathedral. A year later, the Constituent Congress established by decree September 16 as a civic holiday.