Turkish and Azerbaijani diplomats have let it be known that they condemn the resolution passed on November 25 by the Senate asking the French government “to recognize the Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh”.
In a statement released on November 26, the Turkish Foreign Ministry condemned the resolution passed the day before by the French Senate aimed at recognizing the Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh. A position shared by the Azerbaijani authorities, who evoke a “provocation”, a symbol of “Islamophobia in France”.
“The resolution voted by the French Senate is an example of the contempt for the principles of international law […] for domestic policy considerations ”, states the Turkish government’s statement. He also considers that the Senate vote, which is not binding, reflects France’s “Turkish obsession”.
The upper house has in fact asked the French government “for recognition of the Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh”, a region of Azerbaijan populated in majority by Armenians. Artsakh (the region’s name in Armenian) declared its independence on September 2, 1991, but was not recognized by any member of the UN. Fighting in the area resumed on September 27 and ended on November 9. At the end of the ceasefire signed by Yerevan and Baku under the aegis of Moscow, Nagorno-Karabakh had to cede territories to Azerbaijan, which motivated the senators to ask in their text for the “restoration borders defined in 1994 ”. An appeal to Azerbaijan to withdraw from the conquered territories that Turkey considers “ridiculous, biased and out of touch with reality”.
The Senate resolution also calls on the government “to request the conduct of an international investigation into the war crimes committed in Nagorno-Karabakh” and “to draw all the diplomatic consequences of the role played by the Turkish authorities”. Charges rejected by Ankara, which qualifies them as “unfounded allegations”.
Armenia applauds, Azerbaijan denounces “provocation”
Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pachinian, meanwhile, said it was a “historic decision” on the part of the French Senate. As the Tass agency notes, the Armenian Foreign Ministry hailed the “unshakeable attachment” of the French people “to the universal civilizational values of human rights”, while affirming that this resolution confirms the need to resume talks mediated by the Minsk Group, a working group within the OSCE aimed at peaceful resolution of the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan.
A group from Minsk whose Azerbaijani parliament proposed to exclude France in a resolution in response to that voted by their French counterparts. Azerbaijani parliamentarians are also calling on their government to review political and economic relations with Paris, according to RIA Novosti. Speaker of Parliament Sakhiba Gafarova declared that “the Azerbaijani people [continuerait] to firmly close ranks around President Ilham Aliyev and [était] capable of putting an end to all unhealthy actions directed against the State and the people ”.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan for its part denounced a “provocation, led by a group of openly pro-Armenian senators”. “A shining example of Islamophobia in France,” added President Ilham Aliyev’s foreign policy adviser Hikmet Hajiyev, who also called the resolution a “piece of paper” adopted in the name of narrow political ambitions. act “shameful for French politics and parliamentarism”.
Several dozen people participated in a demonstration against the Senate resolution in front of the French embassy in Baku on November 26.
Relations between France and part of the Muslim world have also been strained since Emmanuel Macron’s defense of the right to caricature Muhammad. Tensions which, in the case of Turkey, are added to those linked to the situation in Syria, Libya and the eastern Mediterranean, and to Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s call to boycott French products.