Tribune. Since the adhesion of the American presidency to the autonomy plan proposed by Morocco for the Sahara, several defenders of the right to self-determination of the Sahrawi populations have expressed their concerns in the press. Points of view often nourished by untruths and based on a manifest ignorance of the history of the Sahara problem.
As a reminder, since gaining independence, Morocco has requested the recovery of the occupied parts of its territory, either by France, or by Spain, or under international status such as Tangier.
Concerning Western Sahara, as early as 1957, after its admission to the United Nations, Morocco raised, before the supervisory committee of the General Assembly, the question of the attachment to Morocco of the territory of “Rio de Oro”, the former name of the Sahara. says westerner.
In 1960, the Moroccan representative to the United Nations protested against the inclusion of the Sahara affair on the list of non-self-governing territories, believing that this territory falls under his sovereignty, in the same way as the territories of Tarfaya, Ifni and the presidents.
On December 16, 1965, the United Nations General Assembly, echoing Moroccan demands, adopted resolution 2072 in which it calls on the Spanish government to take urgent measures to liberate the territories of Ifni and the Sahara and, as such, ” start talks on the sovereignty posed by these regions “.
By associating the territory of the Sahara with that of Ifni, the United Nations unequivocally recognized the sovereignty of Morocco over this territory, except that Spain agreed to start negotiations for Ifni, which resulted upon his release in 1969, and procrastinated for the Sahara.
Thus, if Spain had applied the decisions of the United Nations, Morocco could have reclaimed its Sahara, as it did for Ifni, and there would not have been, today, “ Western Sahara case “. The reality is that Spain never wanted to leave the Sahara and sought to perpetuate its presence, with the collaboration of certain tribes.
Urged by the United Nations to start negotiations on the subject of Ifni and the Sahara, Spain urged the General Assembly to raise, on December 20, 1966, for the first time, the principle of exercise by the population of Western Sahara to the right to self-determination through the organization of a referendum, under the aegis of the United Nations. It was, for her, the best way not to enter into negotiations with Morocco.
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