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The plea of ​​Mohamed Abdeljalil

The challenges of the transport and logistics sector are the same all over the world. This involves tackling the challenge of accessibility, security, quality, energy dependence, externality, technology, vulnerability and financing. This observation is that of Mohamed Abdeljalil, Minister of Transport and Logistics, presented at a conference organized by the Links center of the FSJES of the University Hassan II – Casablanca, on the theme “The challenges and challenges of the transport and logistics sectors in Morocco”.

The transport and logistics sector faces several challenges as in other countries. These include the challenge of accessibility, security, quality, energy dependence, externality, technology, vulnerability and financing. This was indicated by Mohamed Abdeljalil, Minister of Transport and Logistics, during a conference organized by the Links center of the FSJES of Hassan II University – Casablanca, on the theme “The challenges and challenges of the transport and logistics sectors in Morocco”. Concerning the challenge of accessibility, the Minister refers to the rural population and recalls that its rate of accessibility to transport, which was 54% in 2005, has now reached 78%. In terms of safety, road accidents cost 1.7% of GDP. “Between 1996 and 2000, we were on a linear slope of increasing mortality. With the strategies put in place, we succeeded in stopping this growth despite the increase in the vehicle fleet.

In 2017, a strategy was integrated with the objective of halving the number of road deaths. Today, the results are mixed since after 5 years, we have recorded a drop of barely 5%”, underlines the Minister. On the quality side, a study dating from 2010 showed that Moroccans felt that the transport is suitable. Regarding the energy challenge, the Minister recalls that the fuel item represents more than 40% of transporters’ expenses before the current price increases. “These increases could have led to the cessation of activities if the government had not intervened. This poses the problem of the energy dependence of the sector”, notes the Minister. The other topical challenge is linked to the negative externality in a context marked by global warming.

The sector is polluting and represents 23% of greenhouse gas emissions. To understand the challenge of the sector’s vulnerability, it is enough to see what happened during the confinement, in particular for the transport of people. The pandemic can be deadly for this sector. The other challenge, and not the least, is that of technology. “On this point, we need to be able to support technological breakthroughs, by ensuring that these breakthroughs are used to improve the transport system,” says Abdeljalil. With regard to the eternal challenge of funding, the Minister believes that “if we invest in a conventional transport system, we will fall into a vicious circle which is the cumulative use of individual vehicles and taxis. This creates a hidden congestion cost and additional infrastructure needs”.

Perspectives

As for the outlook, Abdeljalil says that “the government does not yet have a clear vision, because it has only been in charge for a short time”. However, his department has decided on four lines of work. This is related to the mobility of people, which aims to provide citizens with inclusive and sustainable transport that meets their expectations. The second axis concerns the transport of goods and aims to make this branch a vector for the development of economic competitiveness. The third axis, which deals with logistics, aims to accelerate its implementation in the logistics platform part. As for the fourth and last axis, it is linked to the digital transformation of the sector and the improvement of its governance. “We are going to try to carry out a diagnosis to get an idea of ​​the best practices. The objective is to have a mobility and transport plan for 2030”, concluded the Minister of Transport and Logistics.

Jalal Baazi




Fr

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