Henri Sterdyniak, member of the Terrified Economists, drew up for RT France the assessment of the reforms wanted by Emmanuel Macron, such as that of pensions and the major projects that await him in 2021.
Henri Sterdyniak, economist at OFCE (French Observatory of Economic Conjunctures) and member of the appalled Economists spoke on RT France on December 29, about the major projects awaiting the President of the Republic Emmanuel Macron in 2021.
Will it be necessary to continue the pension reform interrupted by the health crisis? How to rethink our health system, and in particular the organization between liberal medicine and public hospitals? How to meet climate commitments?
So many questions answered by Henri Sterdyniak on RT France on December 29.
The pension reform “paralyzed” by “the health crisis”
The economist underlines that “the health crisis has come to paralyze a number of reforms”, such as, for example, pensions and unemployment insurance.
He believes that the Covid-19 pandemic and “the economic shock it caused” with a “sharp rise in unemployment” have “swept away” the “great reform of social minima with a universal activity income”.
Taking stock of the reform policy led by Emmanuel Macron, Henri Sterdyniak explained that the pension reform project came up against “protest in the street”. [et] also to the fact that the social partners, in particular the unions, after a certain time refused to negotiate ”with the government.
This one is besides “stuck in sectorial negotiations with the autonomous regimes, lawyers, doctors […]who each had their problems […]», Then recalls the economist.
Adding that this reform in the way in which it was envisaged by the government would only have “effects in 2037”, the economist also specified that “these effects were extremely progressive”.
“We cannot count on such a gradual reform to have a significant impact on public spending,” said the member of the appalled Economists. He considers moreover “that obviously the government does not have the capacity [de] manage today “this” extremely complicated file “of pension reform.
Its current priorities are first, according to Henri Sterdyniak, to “vaccinate” the French and “especially [de]revive the economy ”, without forgetting the health reform, which“ cannot be put aside ”.
Denouncing a “reform of budgetary economy” wanted by Emmanuel Macron, the economist considers that “it will be necessary […] let the government clearly say: “We are changing direction, we stop the strategy of saying we must reduce hospital beds”.
Believing that the government should not reduce health spending, Henri Sterdyniak considers on the contrary that “we are going to be obliged to extend, to accentuate the Ségur of health, that is to say increase the salaries of nurses, assistants – caregivers, hospital doctors ”, with the particular aim of making“ the profession more attractive ”.
He also recommends “rethinking the organization of the health system”, by giving “more weight to health centers and dispensaries” and reducing administration in hospitals, to the advantage of doctors and nursing staff.
Climate measures could “hit […] the way of life of a number of people ”
Returning then to the commitment of the President of the Republic in the fight for the climate, an objective that he would like to see enshrined in the Constitution following a possible referendum, Henri Sterdyniak raised “a clear problem”. Citing the example of the carbon tax, “very difficult to implement”, Henri Sterdyniak also explains that in addition to taxes on heavy and polluting vehicles, it will also be necessary to “massively develop urban renewal” and public transport. .
A bet that could prove risky, because according to him, even if these measures to fight against global warming can create jobs, they could also have an impact on the lifestyle of a certain number of people.
“The French must prepare for a society […] more sober, which is necessary given the ecological constraints ”, however concluded the economist.