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NPR will cover and celebrate Latin American culture and history throughout National Hispanic Heritage Month, which begins today.
You can find ongoing coverage here (and be sure to check out the “El Tiny” takeover of the Tiny Desk (home) concert series, which kicks off with a performance by J Balvin).
Hispanic Heritage Month began over a week and was extended in 1988. It begins September 15 to coincide with the national independence days of Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Costa Rica.
The Pew Research Center has been tracking key facts and figures about Latin Americans for years. Here are some of the latest highlights:
Note: Pew uses the terms “Hispanic” and “Latin” interchangeably; read more about the uses and meanings of these labels here from NPR.
- America’s Hispanic population has grown dramatically over the past decade, from 50.5 million in 2010 to 62.1 million in 2020. Hispanics accounted for 51% of all population growth in the United States during this period.
- Four in five Latinos are US citizens. In 2019, 80% of Latinos living in the United States are citizens. The number includes people born in the United States and its territories, those born abroad to American parents, and immigrants who have become naturalized citizens.
- The number of Latinos who identify as multiracial has also increased, from 3 million to over 20 million. This is probably due in part to changes to the 2020 census form.
- All 50 states and Washington, DC, have seen their Hispanic populations increase over the past decade. This is especially true for Florida, California and Texas, which saw increases of more than one million between 2010 and 2020. North Dakota and South Dakota saw the fastest growing Hispanic populations. during this period, although they are still among the smallest in the world. the country.
- Newborns are responsible for much of this growth in the Hispanic population, as immigration declined between 2010 and 2019. This is a reversal of historical trends.
- The share of Latinos in the United States who speak English fluently is also increasing. Some 72% of Latinos aged 5 and over spoke English fluently in 2019. Meanwhile, the to share of Latinos who speak Spanish at home has declined (but the actual number number grew up).
- The share of American Hispanics with college experience has increased since 2010. The number of Latinos enrolled in college also increased from 2010 to 2019, from 2.9 million to 3.6 million.
- People of Mexican descent made up nearly 62% of the country’s overall Hispanic population in 2019. The next group is that of Puerto Rican origin. The fastest growing population among Latin Americans has occurred among those from Venezuela, Guatemala and Honduras.
This story originally appeared on the Morning edition live blog.