The key reports of COP27 and the evidence of a worsening crisis

Madrid, 20 Nov. Record levels of greenhouse gases, extreme and continuous heat waves as well as loss of biodiversity are some of the data included in the reports presented these days at the COP27 climate summit in Egypt and that show the dimension of a global climate crisis that it gets worse.

Among the many reports presented in the last two weeks within the framework of said meeting, the following stand out:

– Global Carbon Budget 2022 alliance report, which includes several consortia of scientists from around the world; According to these data, greenhouse gas emissions are at record levels and it is expected that by the end of 2022 they will be 1% higher than a year ago, reaching pre-pandemic levels.

According to the scientists, the figures will hinder the goal of limiting the increase in temperatures to 1.5 degrees, compared to pre-industrial levels, which is the ceiling from which planetary damage could be irreversible.

It is expected that total greenhouse gas emissions by 2022 will be 40.6 billion tons, of which 36.6 billion correspond to CO2 from fossil fuels.

– Report of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), according to which the last eight years are on track to be the warmest on record.

In 2022, extreme heat waves and devastating droughts and floods have affected millions of people, with losses in the billions, and the global average temperature this year is estimated to be about 1.15°C higher than the pre-industrial average.

– Report ’10 New Insights in Climate Science’ (10 new reflections in climate science), which presents the key ideas of the latest research on climate change this year.

The document, presented at COP27 by the international networks Future Earth, The Earth League and the World Climate Research Programme, breaks down the complex interactions between climate change and other risk factors, such as conflicts, pandemics, food crises and challenges underlying development.

– Report ‘Impossible Emissions: How emissions from the meat and dairy industries are heating up the planet’ produced by the Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy (IATP) and the Changing Markets Foundation, which calls for more ambitious climate action to reduce carbon emissions. these sectors and calculates for the first time the methane footprint of 15 large companies, such as Nestlé or Danone.

According to their data, the methane emissions of the companies included in the report are jointly responsible for 3.4% of global emissions of this gas from human activity.

– “Amazonía Viva” report from the environmental organization WWF, which reveals that, without urgent action, the tropical forest could reach a point of no return, which would directly affect the livelihoods of 47 million people and 511 groups of indigenous peoples, as well as 10% of the planet’s biodiversity.

Without the Amazon rainforest, environmental groups warn that the objective of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees will not be met, since it stores between 367 and 733 gigatonnes of CO2 equivalent in its vegetation and soils, not to mention carbon stored for centuries in the area, which is being released by deforestation, fires and unsustainable activities.

– In the publication ‘We are failing Nature. How Europe is destroying life and biodiversity’, presented by Greenpeace, denounces “the hypocrisy of the EU in its leadership in the face of the environmental emergency” both in the protection of European nature, and in its role as a “greedy consumer” Worldwide.

For environmentalists, the destruction of the natural environment highlights the need for decision-makers to act in an “urgent, serious and tangible” way.

– Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BNEF) report on zero emission vehicles: among its conclusions, it is stated that annual sales of electric passenger vehicles are on track to reach 10.6 million units in 2022, an increase of more than 60% YoY (from 6.6 million in 2021) and more than triple the 3.1 million sold in 2020.

13.2% of the cars sold in the world in the first half of this year were electric, compared to 8.7% in 2021 and 4.3% in 2020, and the adoption of this type of mobility is expected to prevent the use of almost 1.7 million barrels of oil per day in 2022, compared to 1.5 million in 2021.

– A study by the UK-based Energy & Climate Intelligence Unit credits circumstances such as the war in Ukraine and the energy crisis for accelerating the pace of the green transition, particularly among the world’s big polluters such as China , India or the European Union (EU), with more ambitious goals in reducing their emissions than those initially programmed. EFE


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