From domestic flights to energy renovation, many measures of the Climate bill fail by their “reduced scope”, according to the High Council for the Climate (HCC) which hopes that Parliament can “rectify the situation”.
The High Council for the Climate (HCC), in its report on the Climate and Resilience bill which is to be debated in March in Parliament, deplores that among the recommended measures, “a high proportion sees its scope reduced by a perimeter of limited or even occasional application, extended implementation deadlines or many conditions associated with their application ”.
In his sights, the ban on advertising limited to fossil fuels and not “to a set of goods and services clearly incompatible with the transition” (SUV, certain food products …), or the ban on domestic flights if there is a direct rail link of less than 2h30, a limit “much too low” and which would in fact only concern 10% of air traffic in 2019.
As for the building sector (concentrating nearly 20% of emissions), the bill provides for a ban on the rental of “thermal strainers”. But the HCC regrets that the measures “do not apply to owner-occupants” (ie 58% of the occupants of these “strainers” in 2018) and “do not provide for a gradual extension to other energy classes”.
Corinne Le Quéré, the president of the HCC quoted by AFP considered that the bill represented “missed opportunities” to accelerate the pace of ecological transition, and stressed that “France [était] late to achieve the goals it has set ”. Thus, the first 2015-2018 carbon budget was not respected and the State was found responsible for breaches by administrative justice. The HCC further estimated that “the current dynamics of reducing emissions [était] still insufficient ”.
Between half and two-thirds of the emission reduction target
Corinne Le Quéré was particularly worried about the ability to “triple” the rate of decrease planned for the 3rd carbon budget 2024-2028, while certain measures are planned after 2024, or even in 2030. She called for “redressing the situation “, Counting on the examination of the text in Parliament. In its impact study, the government assures us that the Climate and Resilience law would make it possible to “secure” between half and two-thirds of the target for reducing emissions by 2030: -40% of emissions from greenhouse gas emissions compared to 1990 – a lower target than the European Green Deal which aims for -55%.
In addition, the HCC report points to a “lack of transparency on the methods and assumptions used [dans l’étude et] some inconsistencies in the evaluations ”. The independent evaluation body created by President Emmanuel Macron finally underlines that the term “resilience” used in the title of the bill specifically refers to adaptation to the impacts of climate change, a part of the text that it considers “extremely limited” (2 specific measures out of the 69 articles).
The 150 citizens of the Climate Convention are meeting from January 26 for their last session to assess the executive’s response to their 149 proposals, including this bill.