Adopted on March 31, the bill on regional languages carried by the Breton deputy Paul Molac and about thirty French parliamentarians is on the menu of the National Assembly this Thursday, April 8 to validate its contours. Bitter debate in sight. In fact, in a press release, the collective “So that our languages may live” is irritated by the attitude of the “government” which, on April 3, tabled an amendment to delete article 2 ter of the draft. law, article which provides for the possibility of teaching regional languages by immersion in public schools.
The place of French in public schools at the heart of the debate
“The government definitely does not want to propose any improvement for the teaching of regional languages! », Scolds the collective. “While the deputies rejected last week in committee the amendments to delete this article 2 ter of the bill, it is the government which returns to the charge and tables an amendment to delete this article with a view to the session to take place this Thursday. This blocking attitude on the part of the government is ubiquitous! », Storm the defenders of the project who are surprised by the arguments put forward. The government says immersive education is “unconstitutional”. ” It’s wrong ! The Constitutional Council has never ruled on this point. What can we say in this case of the experiments launched since 1995 in more than twenty schools in the Basque Country, Corsica and Catalonia? », They oppose.
The government, for its part, supports its point by evoking article 2 of the Constitution which “provides that the language of the Republic is French” and means not to wish “that the place of French as the language of the Republic be called into question. education and the life of public education establishments ”. “Without doubt this is ultimately the only valid reason that the government intends to invoke to prevent the development of education in the regional language. But basically, would the government be afraid that students could no longer master French with such pedagogy? “, Asks” So that our languages live “.
The government advocates French-Breton “bilingualism”
The government also mentions in its amendment the decree of the Council of State, which deemed “illegal” a decree instituting immersion education: a statement deemed “zany” by the collective which explains: “It is precisely the The object of article 2 of this proposal is to change the law, so that such teaching is no longer considered illegal ”. The government, for the time being, intends instead to support its current methodology: bilingual French-regional language education “at parity of time”. And to recall that the circular of April 2017 “on the assessments carried out in the various regions concerned confirmed the interest of bilingualism. This is why the openings of bilingual classes at school have been developed and the existing sections in middle and upper secondary schools consolidated and extended ”.
On March 31, in our columns, Paul Molac already said that the article recognizing immersive teaching in public schools had been maintained “hard” for the discussion of April 8 in the National Assembly. “We will have to be vigilant to be able to confirm it during the session,” he predicted. The discussion promises to be complicated. However, according to Paul Molac and the defenders of Breton and regional languages, the form of immersion education “is the most likely to be able to generate young speakers of the regional language”.
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