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The “engagement income” for young people eagerly awaited – France

Announced since July, the commitment income should be unveiled in more detail by Emmanuel Macron “in October”, according to Stéphane Valli, president of the National Union of Local Missions, at the heart of the system which should be operational in early 2022. “Our teams are waiting. As long as we do not know the rules of the game, we cannot organize ourselves, ”he stressed during the GA of the local missions this week.

“We have to go, we are impatient,” said Pascal Brice, president of the Federation of Solidarity Actors (FAS) whose associations welcome “battered young people”.

Inspired by the Youth guarantee, an intensive course of individual and collective support created under the Holland five-year term with recognized success, the “engagement income” targets 16-25 people without employment or training, but also young people in precarious jobs.

“Give-and-take contract”

It must be based on demanding support, an income – of a maximum of 500 euros as for the Youth Guarantee – and a commitment which will condition the payment. Jean Castex insisted at the beginning of September on “a give-and-take contract” and “a limited duration”, which should be 18 months maximum.

But the device is still the subject of differences between Bercy, which seeks to limit the cost and the Ministry of Labor, which estimates it at around two billion euros per year and insists on the importance of support for good. differentiate it from a “young RSA”.

The number of young people concerned is difficult to assess, as the resumption of employment in progress can also reduce the share. Several hundred thousand are already in the complex multitude of existing systems (Youth Guarantee, Pacea, AIJ managed by Pôle Emploi, etc.), already reinforced with the plan “one young person, one solution” and which would pass under the hat of “income”. of engagement ”, easier to sell.

“Showcase effect”

According to an adviser to the executive, “we expect to see a million young people per year in the system”, the challenge being to seek “300,000 young people out of the circuit”, “dropouts”. For example, only a third of the 15,000 young people who leave child welfare each year pursue a training course.

For the directors of local missions, the commitment income could be “a major change of scale” provided that the support work “is not diluted in a quantitative objective”. “This would have a showcase effect for bringing young people to the local mission”, hopes Christophe Jean, director of the local mission of Saint-Nazaire.

“We will have to recruit a lot more – the Youth Guarantee is an advisor for a maximum of 50 young people -, find premises, change practices”, underlines Raphaël Wintrebert, deputy director general of the local mission in Paris.

For the local Missions, this could represent “between 150,000 and 200,000 additional young people”, ie nearly double the objective of 200,000 Youth Guarantee set for 2021.

“We do not have the right to get lost in unnecessary quarrels”

Stéphane Valli is counting on the recent lightening of the entry criteria for the system and the arrival of the 2,000 advisers recruited this year to approach it.

For the commitment income, he asked for additional funding, as the general manager of Pôle emploi Jean Bassères who will be the other major operator. Success will also depend on the ability of the two operators to work together. “With the local missions, relations are old, solid and weighed down by permanent misunderstandings”, recognized Jean Bassères.

“On the local mission side, there is the feeling that Pôle emploi wants to set up a competing, even hegemonic, service offer. On the employment side, we sometimes have the feeling that our legitimacy to intervene is questioned when we support 800,000 young people per year, ”he summarized. “The commitment income supposes a trust between us, we do not have the right to get lost in useless quarrels”, he pleaded.