The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention updated its guidelines for fully vaccinated Americans on Friday, saying traveling both domestically and internationally is low risk.
The long-awaited recommendations were issued by federal health officials after a series of studies found vaccines administered in the United States to be robustly effective in preventing infections under real conditions.
Still, the CDC is not recommending travel at this time due to the growing number of coronavirus cases, both at home and abroad.
One is considered fully vaccinated two weeks after receiving the single dose of Johnson & Johnson vaccine, or two weeks after receiving the second dose of Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna injections.
If you decide to travel, you may still have questions. Here are the answers.
Do I always have to wear a mask and my social distances when traveling?
Yes. Under federal law, masks must be worn at airports, on U.S. domestic flights, and at all transportation hubs. The CDC says that as long as coronavirus measures are taken, including wearing masks, fully vaccinated Americans can travel around the country without having to be tested or quarantined, although the agency warns some States and territories may keep their local travel restrictions and recommendations in place. .
For those wishing to travel abroad, a coronavirus test will not be required before leaving the United States except on a mandate from the government of their destination. Vaccinated travelers will, however, need to present a negative Covid-19 viral test before returning to the United States and it is advisable to be tested three to five days after their return, but they will not need to self-quarantine.
Can I go abroad?
Yes, but only in countries that will have you. Most of Europe is still off-limits to US citizens, although some countries like Iceland allow vaccinated visitors from the US and elsewhere. Other places like Turkey, Croatia and Montenegro have welcomed Americans with negative test results, while Greece plans to open up to fully vaccinated tourists and other foreigners with a negative test in May.
Many Caribbean countries have reopened their doors to American tourists, but each has their own coronavirus protocols and entry requirements.
Here is a full list of countries Americans can travel to.
What about domestic travel? Is it free and clear to cross state borders?
Domestic travel has been complicated this year, with states and territories instituting their own travel restrictions and recommendations throughout the pandemic (and updating them frequently).
If you’re fully vaccinated, the CDC says you can travel freely in the United States and don’t need to be tested or quarantined before or after travel. But some states and local governments may choose to keep travel restrictions in place, including testing, quarantine, and stay-at-home orders.
Before crossing state borders, check the rules in place at your destination and whether the state waives testing and quarantines for those vaccinated. You can find a list of current restrictions here.
How will they check that I am fully vaccinated?
At this time, the best way to prove that you have been vaccinated is to show your vaccination card.
Digital vaccines and health certificates showing people have been vaccinated or tested are in various stages of development around the world and are expected to be widely used to speed up travel over time.
The subject of “vaccine passports” is currently one of the most debated topics in the travel industry, with questions about the fairness of their use and concerns about health and data privacy.
Florida Governor Ron DeSantis issued an executive order on Friday prohibiting local governments and state enterprises from requiring proof of vaccination for services.
Last month, the European Union approved its own vaccine certificate, but European countries are still expected to set their own travel rules this summer.
But what about my children? What advice for traveling with unvaccinated people?
The CDC advises against people traveling unless they have been vaccinated. If you must travel, the agency recommends testing one to three days before a trip and following all coronavirus advice at your destination.
No vaccine has yet been approved for children under 16, but recent clinical trials have shown the Pfizer-BioNTech coronavirus vaccine to be extremely effective in young adolescents aged 12 to 15.
All air passengers aged two and over arriving in the United States, including fully vaccinated individuals, must test negative for Covid-19 taken no later than three days before boarding their flight.
What is my moral obligation to the places I visit where most people are not vaccinated?
The deployment of immunization in the United States has been among the fastest in the world, but there is a significant gap between its rapid deployment and immunization programs in different countries. Some countries have not yet reported a single dose administered.
Many countries are now seeing an increase in the number of new cases and are implementing strict coronavirus protocols, including mask warrants in public spaces, capacity limits at restaurants and tourist sites, and other restrictions. lock.
It’s important to check coronavirus case rates, measurements, and medical infrastructure before you get to your destination, and not to let your guard down when you get there. Even if you are fully vaccinated, you can still transmit the disease to local communities who have not yet been vaccinated.
You can follow coronavirus vaccination deployments around the world here.
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