The Transitional Military Council headed by Mahamat Idriss Déby, son of the recently deceased former president, has appointed a new government by promising to hold free elections within 18 months.
Two weeks after the death of Chadian President Idriss Déby Itno, the Transitional Military Council (CMT), headed by his son Mahamat Idriss Déby surrounded by 14 generals, appointed on May 2 a provisional government to respond to international and domestic concerns.
Saleh Kebzabo, main opponent of Marshal Déby, recognized on May 2 the new authorities and two members of his party, the National Union for Democracy and Renewal (UNDR), were appointed to the posts of Minister of Livestock and Deputy Secretary General of the Government. “We recognize the authority of the CMT, otherwise we will not be in government,” he declared, while he himself does not enter this government made up of 40 ministers and secretaries of state.
Another opponent of Idriss Déby Itno, Mahamat Ahmat Alhabo, of the Party for Freedoms and Development (PLD), has been appointed Minister of Justice. But most of the royal ministries are occupied by members of the Patriotic Salvation Movement (MPS), the party of the late president, according to the list announced on state television by the spokesman of the army, General Azem Bermandoa Agouna. .
Several former ministers of the last government of Idriss Déby Itno were renewed in their previous portfolios or appointed to another ministry. Spokesman for the last government, Chérif Mahamat Zene was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs, a post he already held from 2018 to 2020. For his part, Daoud Yaya Brahim is in charge of Defense, a portfolio he has already held under Idriss Déby Itno.
By decree, CMT president Mahamat Idriss Déby, a 37-year-old general, also created a new Ministry of Reconciliation and Dialogue, after having recently promised to organize an “inclusive dialogue”. At its head, he appointed a figure in Chadian politico-military life: Acheick Ibn Oumar, former rebel leader who had become in 2019 diplomatic adviser to President Déby.
“Free and democratic elections” within 18 months
Mahamat Idriss Déby appointed Albert Pahimi Padacké on April 26 as transitional Prime Minister. Last Prime Minister of Idriss Déby Itno before the latter abolished the post in 2018, Pahimi Padacké had promised a “government of national reconciliation” and pleaded for a “sacred union to save the Nation”.
The day after his appointment, opposition and civil society called for demonstrations against the soldiers who took over from Idriss Déby. At least six people died during these marches, banned as is customary in Chad. More than 650 others were arrested, most of them later released. Other smaller marches have taken place since: April 28, then April 30 in the south of the country. All have been banned by the security forces.
The CMT has promised “free and democratic elections” in 18 months. In the meantime, the Transitional Charter provided for the establishment of a transitional government, whose members are appointed and dismissed by the president of the CMT. He is also “the supreme chief of the Armies” and also chairs “the council of ministers, the higher councils and committees of national defense”, according to the transitional charter.
The appointment of the transitional government comes as the army and a rebel group, the Front pour l ‘alternation et la concorde au Tchad (FACT), fight in the west of the country in the Kanem region. The fighting began on April 11, the day of the presidential election in which Idriss Déby Itno was re-elected for the sixth consecutive time. It was during fighting between the army and the FACT that Déby, mounted at the front, was killed.