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Solar eclipse 2021: how and when to watch the June “Ring of Fire”


Some people in the northern hemisphere will be able to catch the first of two solar eclipses this year on June 10.

This eclipse is an annular eclipse, which means the moon is far enough away from Earth that it appears smaller than the sun.

When the moon crosses the fiery star, it will appear smaller than the sun, leaving room for bright light to shine around the edges. It’s called the “ring of fire” and will be visible to some people in Greenland, northern Russia and Canada, NASA said.

The name “annular” comes from the Latin word “annulus,” which means ring-shaped, according to Farmers’ Almanac.

Other countries in the northern hemisphere, including the United Kingdom and Ireland, may see a partial eclipse, that is, where the moon only covers part of the sun. A nail-shaped shadow will cover a different percentage of the sun, depending on your location.

The Annularity Path – which traces where the Ring of Fire is visible – will start over the northern United States, then cross the Arctic before ending in northeastern Russia, the Farmers’ Almanac said.

When to see the solar eclipse

The moon will begin covering the sun at 4:12 a.m. ET (1:42 p.m. IST in India) on June 10, according to Farmers’ Almanac.

The annular eclipse begins at 5:50 a.m. ET (3:20 p.m. IST), peaks at 6:42 a.m. ET (4:12 p.m. IST), and ends at 7:34 a.m. ET (5:04 p.m. IST). Finally, the partial eclipse ends at 9:11 a.m.ET (6:41 p.m. IST).

For more specific times related to your geographic location, see TimeAndDate.com.
If you are unable to see the eclipse, NASA and The Virtual Telescope Project will broadcast live views.

How to watch safely

Because some of the sun’s rays will shine behind the moon, it is important to wear proper eye protection when observing the solar eclipse, according to the American Astronomical Society.
Make sure when you buy a sun filter that it meets the international standard ISO 12312-2 to protect your eyes. The “Eclipse glasses” cost a few dollars and are the only safe way to see the eclipse, AAS said.

Here are some additional safety tips to remember, according to the American Astronomical Society:

  • Always inspect your sunscreen before use; if it is scratched, punctured, torn, or otherwise damaged, discard it. Read and follow the instructions printed on or packaged with the filter.
  • Always supervise children using sun filters.
  • If you usually wear glasses, keep them on. Put your eclipse glasses on top or hold your pocket viewer in front of them.
  • Stand still and cover your eyes with your eclipse goggles or solar finder before gazing out into the bright sun. After looking at the sun, turn away and remove your filter; do not take it off while looking at the sun.
  • Do not view the un-eclipsed or partially eclipsed sun through a camera, telescope, binoculars, or other unfiltered optical device.
  • Likewise, do not look at the sun through a camera, telescope, binoculars, or any other optical device while using your eclipse glasses or portable solar viewfinder; concentrated sunlight could damage the filter and enter your eyes, causing serious injury.
  • Seek the advice of an astronomer before using a solar filter with a camera, telescope, binoculars or any other optical device; Note that solar filters should be attached to the front of any telescope, binoculars, camera lens, or other optics.

Solar and lunar eclipses

This year, in addition to the two solar eclipses, there will be two moon eclipses – and three of them will be visible to some in North America, according to The Old Farmer’s Almanac.
Solar eclipse 2021: how and when to watch the June “Ring of Fire”

After the solar eclipse on June 10, the next opportunity to see an eclipse will not be until November 19. This partial lunar eclipse can be seen by sky watchers in North America and Hawaii between 1 a.m.ET and 7:06 a.m.ET.

And the year will end with a total solar eclipse on December 4. It won’t be visible in North America, but those in the Falkland Islands, the southern tip of Africa, Antarctica and southeast Australia will be able to spot it.

Here’s what else you can expect in 2021.

Full moons

Typical of a normal year, 2021 will have 12 full moons. (There were 13 full moons last year, including two in October.)

Here are all of the full moons remaining this year and their names, according to The Old Farmer’s Almanac:

June 24 – strawberry moon

July 23 – male moon

August 22 – sturgeon moon

September 20 – harvest moon

October 20 – hunter’s moon

November 19 – beaver moon

December 18 – cold moon

Also be sure to research other names of these moons, attributed to their respective Native American tribes.

Meteor showers

Delta Aquariids are best viewed from the southern tropics and will peak between July 28-29, when the moon is 74% full.

Interestingly, another meteor shower peaks on the same night – the Alpha Capricornids. This is a much weaker shower, but is known to produce brilliant fireballs during its prime. Carpicornids will be visible to everyone, no matter which side of the equator you are on.

The Perseid meteor shower, the most popular of the year, will peak between August 11 and 12 in the northern hemisphere, when the moon is only 13% full.

Here is the meteor shower schedule for the rest of the year, according to EarthSky’s meteor shower outlook.

October 8: Draconids

October 21: Orionides

November 4 to 5: Taurides du Sud

November 11 to 12: Taurides du Nord

November 17: Leonids

December 13 to 14: Geminids

December 22: Ursides

Solar eclipse 2021: how and when to watch the June “Ring of Fire”

Visible planets

Sky watchers will have multiple opportunities to spot the planets in our skies on certain mornings and evenings throughout 2021, according to the Farmer’s Almanac planetary guide.

Most of them can be seen with the naked eye, with the exception of distant Neptune, but binoculars or a telescope will provide the best view.

Mercury will look like a bright star in the morning sky from June 27 to July 16 and from October 18 to November 1. The planet will shine in the night sky from August 31 to September 21 and from November 29 to December 31.

Venus, our closest neighbor in the solar system, is visible in the western sky at dusk in the evening until December 31. It is the second brightest object in our sky, after the moon.

Mars makes its reddish appearance in the morning sky between November 24 and December 31 and will appear in the evening sky until August 22.

Jupiter, the largest planet in our solar system, is the third brightest object in our sky. The giant will be on display in the morning sky until August 19. Look for it on the evening of August 20 to December 31, but it will be at its peak from August 8 to September 2.

Saturn’s rings are only visible through a telescope, but the planet itself can still be seen with the naked eye in the morning until August 1 and in the evening from August 2 to December 31. It will be at its peak during the first four days of August. .

Binoculars or a telescope will help you spot Uranus’ greenish glow on the mornings of May 16 to November 3 and in the evenings of November 4 to December 31. The planet will be at its peak between August 28 and December 31.

And our furthest neighbor in the solar system, Neptune, will be visible through a telescope in the morning through September 13 and in the evening from September 14 through December 31. The planetary outlier will be at its maximum between July 19 and November 8.

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