Prime Minister Narendra Modi will launch the PM GatiShakti – National Master Plan at Pragati Maidan in New Delhi on Wednesday. Prime Minister Modi had announced the Rs 110 lakh crore program, which will encompass the Rs 110 lakh crore national infrastructure pipeline launched in 2019, while addressing the nation on the 75th Independence Day this year.
According to the Center, a lack of coordination between different departments has slowed or disrupted the creation of infrastructure in India for decades. For example, if the Department of Public Works builds a road, other agencies often dig it up for activities such as laying underground cables, gas pipelines, etc.
Therefore, GatiShakti, a comprehensive geospatial digital platform, will attempt to dismantle the silos in which various government departments have traditionally worked in India, institutionalize holistic planning and ensure multimodal connectivity to economic zones.
After the deployment of the GatiShakti platform which promises “integrated planning and coordinated execution”, the infrastructure projects of various ministries and state governments will be designed and executed with a common vision.
Initially, 16 departments that deal with infrastructure projects will work together “for better synergy, cost optimization and rapid execution of infrastructure projects” under the GatiShakti plan. States and UTs have also been invited to join the multi-layered platform, offering 3D visualization of plot-level mapping. In fact, several states have already responded positively.
How will the Gati Shakti platform work?
The platform – developed by BISAG-N (Bhaskaracharya National Institute for Space Applications and Geoinformatics) – makes ISRO satellite images and Survey of India base maps available to the private sector. It uses Geographic Information System (GIS) based technology to help execute infrastructure projects.
The more than 200 GIS layers would show railways, roads, irrigation, telecommunications, gas pipelines, rivers, mountains, environmentally sensitive areas, forests and green cover, among others, on the way. ‘a proposed project. This will inform project planners about the type of permissions that would be needed and help them establish a plan that avoids a multitude of permissions.
The platform will also show district administrative offices, gas pipelines, roads, schools and other educational facilities, health facilities and police establishments. In addition, departments will be given separate login credentials to update their data on the platform.
The GatiShakti platform will also increase coordination between central agencies, state agencies, urban local bodies, the private sector, parastatals and others. For example, the platform will engage agencies involved in road construction and those responsible for laying utilities such as OFC cables, gas pipes and electric cables.
An integrated multimodal network planning group will also be formed to run GatiShakti and assist in unified planning, cost optimization and timely execution of infrastructure projects. This group of experts or officials from all relevant departments will review project proposals, costing more than Rs 500 crore, which are currently not part of the national master plan.
Once the network planning group is ready with a project implementation plan, it should seek approval from the group of empowered secretaries (EGoS). The EGoS will have the Chairman of the Board of Railways, the secretaries of the Ministry of Roads, Transport and Highways, the Ministry of Ports, Navigation and Waterways, the Ministry of Civil Aviation, the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Ministry of Electricity, Department of Telecommunications, Ministry of Coal, Ministry of Mines, Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers, Ministry of Steel, Department of Expenditure, and Special Secretary, Division Logistics, Department of Commerce (organizing member).
Meanwhile, the Ministry of Industry Promotion and Domestic Trade was chosen as the nodal agency to lead the GatiShakti initiative.
Work to be undertaken under GatiShakti
- Increase the length of national highways to 2 lakh km by 2024-25.
- Increase in freight transport by rail to 1,600 million tonnes.
- Increase the port capacity to 1,759 MMTPA.
- Increase the electricity transmission network to 4.54 lakh km of circuit by 2024-25.
- Increase operational food parks and agro-food centers to 133 by 2024-25.
- Prepare two defense corridors and 11 industrial corridors over the next three years.
What was the PIN program?
Under the National Infrastructure Pipeline (NIP) for fiscal year 2019-25, 8,978 projects were to be completed in 34 sub-sectors. The total cost of these projects is $ 1,915.84 billion. The areas of intervention of the NIP were – energy, roads, railways and urban development. From now on, the projects would be carried out under the new GatiShakti plan.