CHICAGO (CBS) — According to a new report from the city’s top watchdog, black people in Chicago are much more likely to be stopped by police and subjected to the use of force by officers after such stops.
An analysis by the Chicago Office of Inspector General (OIG) revealed just how wide this disparity has been in recent years.
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The Inspector General’s Office analyzed nearly 2.5 years of police stops and use of force incidents from October 17, 2017 to February 28, 2020 and found “an overwhelming disparity in the rates at which black and non-blacks were arrested by the police. These disparities occur in every district of the Chicago Police Department, regardless of the racial makeup of the district.
For example at 18and (Near North) District just north of the city center, the population is only 7.9% black, but 73.5% of survey stops during this period targeted blacks. Even in predominantly black police districts, blacks are still targeted at disproportionately high rates, as in the 6and (Gresham) on the South Side, where the population is 95.9% black, and 97.2% of investigative stops targeted black people.
“Black people were disproportionately arrested by CPD regardless of demographics and level of crime in the arrest district,” the report said. “Black people were disproportionately subjected to force, regardless of the demographic makeup of the district and the level of crime in the district.”
Overall, black people make up about 30% of the city’s population, but accounted for 68% of police investigative stops and 84% of use-of-force incidents after investigative stops during this time.
“Black people were much more likely to be stopped by police than non-black people during investigative checks and traffic stops. This result was consistent across all CPD districts, and the disparity cannot be fully explained by different patterns of officer behavior in districts that CPD defines as “high crime” districts,” the report said. ‘IGO. “Once stopped during an investigation stop or a traffic stop, black people were more likely than non-black people to experience the use of force. This result was also consistent across all DPC districts. »
During investigative checks, Black people were also subjected to a body search or pat down 1.5 times more often than non-Black people, and their vehicles were searched 3.3 times more often than cars of white drivers and 1.6 times more often than all non-blacks. -Vehicles of black drivers.
The report also found that Hispanics are more likely to face the use of lethal force in police use-of-force incidents than non-Hispanics, while whites almost never face lethal force. use of force at a higher level than non-whites.
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The OIG’s findings come as no surprise, given that the CPD is already facing court-ordered reforms following a 2016 Justice Department report that uncovered systemic police abuses. of Chicago against minorities, including officers who routinely use excessive force against African Americans and Hispanics.
A court-ordered consent decree requires the CPD to review use-of-force policies annually, track foot pursuits and document each time an officer points a gun at someone.
Meanwhile, CBS 2 investigators have also documented that police often fail to activate their body cameras during stops, especially when it comes to an arrested person of color.
The OIG report was only an assessment of CPD data and therefore did not include any recommendations for further CPD reforms.
“The OIG hopes that this report will provide an authoritative factual basis for continued efforts to understand the root causes of disparities in the use of force by the CPD and to minimize harm resulting from the use of force. by the CPD,” the report said.
Nonetheless, the report was sent to the Chicago Police Department so that it could be used to improve their practices regarding investigative stops and the use of force.
In a response included in the report, the CPD said it “has made great strides in training on the use of force and procedural justice and has revised many policies, including but not limited to , the entire suite of use of force orders”.
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“In fact, the Department has obtained preliminary compliance with the use of force paragraphs in the consent decree,” the CPD said in its response.