The poll, which surveyed more than 300,000 people in 117 countries last year, showed that 68% of adults worldwide would receive a vaccine if offered one for free. Some 29% of those polled said they would withdraw from the vaccination, and 3% said they did not know.
This global average is below the range required for herd immunity to the novel coronavirus, which experts have estimated to be between 70% and 85%.
Gallup’s Global Poll in 2020 was the largest of its kind conducted last year, taking into account how human life had changed during the historic year of the pandemic. However, based on its timeline, the poll could not have captured how attitudes toward the vaccine might have changed as the injections rolled out in the first months of 2021.
Still, the poll offers a snapshot over time of how attitudes might change, and where willingness to immunize may be most difficult.
For example, vaccine reluctance in the United States at the time of the survey was significantly lower, at 53%, and was not on track to achieve herd immunity by then. National poll data collected in the months following the 2020 global poll showed the US attitude was warming towards the Covid-19 vaccination, with 74% of Americans telling a national Gallup poll in March that they would line up for a vaccine licensed by the U.S. Food and Drug. Administration.
In some regions, such as Southeast Asia, the will to be vaccinated was already strong in 2020. Myanmar, for example, had a world record of 96% of its population willing to be vaccinated, according to the poll. . It was the only country on track to clear the estimate of the highest threshold for collective immunity.
Myanmar’s neighbor Thailand was also in the group immunity range at 85%, Nepal at 87%, and nearby Laos and Cambodia were both at 84%.
It’s a whole different story, however, in Eastern Europe and in many post-Soviet republics. The lowest vaccine drive in the world was in Kazakhstan, with just 25% of residents surveyed there saying they would receive a free vaccine. In Hungary, the figure was 30%, Bulgaria was 33%, and in Russia, the first country to have deployed a Covid-19 vaccine, only 37% in 2020 were ready to be vaccinated which could prevent infection with coronavirus.
Radical effects on workers
The new Gallup poll also found that as many as 1.7 billion adults temporarily stopped working in 2020 as the coronavirus pandemic shut down economies around the world.
A majority of adults, 53%, said they had stopped working at their job or business for some time due to the global health crisis.
At the high end, Zimbabwe has seen 79% of its workers suffer a work stoppage. The Philippines and Peru followed closely behind with 77% and 75% respectively.
At the other end of the economic spectrum, only 6% of German workers said they had stopped working for some time. The only other countries in which less than one in 10 workers have experienced a work stoppage are Austria and Switzerland.
Many of those same countries have performed poorly in the many measures Gallup polled. The Philippines also tops the list of overall job losses during the pandemic, with 64% of them losing their jobs or businesses. Zimbabwe was in third place with 62% of its workers losing their jobs. Again, it was a wealthy European nation on the opposite end, this time Switzerland, in which only 3% lost their jobs.
Overall, one in three people around the world who were employed when the pandemic hit said they were unemployed. In eight countries, more than half of workers have lost their jobs. Measured in numbers of people, India has been the hardest hit, with 400 million people, or 53% of its workforce, losing their jobs.
In the United States, job losses were contained for 13% of the population, or 30 million workers.
May of those who kept their jobs saw their wages drop. “Half of those who were employed at the time of the survey (50%) said they received less money than usual from their employers due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This translates to around 1, 6 billion adults, ”Gallup said.