India’s total fertility index (TFR) fell for the first time in decades as women on average have fewer children than before. The decline in the TFR indicates that the country’s population is slowly starting to stabilize, data from phase 2 of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) -5 reveals.
India’s TFR now stands at 2, compared to 2.2. The replacement rate, or the fertility rate where the population of a demographic group remains stable, is 2.1. A fertility rate of 2.1 essentially means that the nation’s population will neither increase nor decrease in the future. Most countries aim for a fertility rate of 2.1 in order to have stable populations. Typically, for rich nations, this means increasing their fertility rates while poorer nations try to lower their fertility rates.
Arunachal Pradesh, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, National Capital Territory of Delhi, Odisha, Puducherry, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand were the states studied under phase 2 between 2019 and 2021. of Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh, the other states have a fertility rate of 2.1.
The decline in the fertility rate can be attributed to better education for women, better career and economic prospects for women and, most importantly, the increase in contraceptive use in the country. The contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) rose from 54 percent to 67 percent, survey data revealed.
“India has been working on population control for a long time. In fact, India was the first country to launch a family planning program at the national level and the encouraging results we are now seeing are due to the sustained and concerted efforts put in place by the Center and the state governments, ”he said. a central government official on condition of anonymity told the Hindustan Times.
(Edited by : Shoma bhattacharjee)
First publication: STI