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In a rare calendar alignment, Easter, Passover and Ramadan 2022 converge

Jews, Christians and Muslims around the world will all see a rare overlap of major religious observances this weekend, bringing a confluence of thoughts for the communities that make up the three monotheistic traditions.

On Friday, the Jewish people celebrate Passover to mark the exodus of the Israelites from slavery in Egypt. On the same day, Christians observe Good Friday to commemorate the crucifixion of Jesus before celebrating Easter Sunday when he rose from the dead. Over the weekend, Muslims will continue to observe Ramadan, a month of prayers and fasting to commemorate the transmission of the Quran.

The overlap of the three observances occurs approximately every 33 years, according to Lees McCrae College. Religious and other groups use rare occasions to call for harmony between traditions.

“As Passover, Easter and Ramadan converge this weekend, we pray for peace and tranquility in Israel, the United States and around the world,” the American Jewish Committee said. in a tweet.

For the first time in over 30 years, Passover, Easter and Ramadan all take place this weekend. Above, nuns arrive to pray at the Church of the Holy Sepulcher during the Good Friday procession in Jerusalem’s Old City, April 15, 2022.
HAZEM BADER/Getty Images

The coincidence is so rare because the three observances are based on different calendars and factors that determine when the holidays occur. Easter is celebrated on the first Sunday following the full moon which occurs during or after the vernal equinox. Good Friday marks the crucifixion of Jesus, God’s messiah, under the Roman governor of Judea to atone for the sins of mankind.

Passover occurs in the middle of Nisan, a month in the Hebrew calendar, during the first full moon, which puts it close to Easter. The holiday begins at sunset and includes the seder, a special meal meant to remind Jews of the hardships they endured in Egypt.

Ramadan is the holiest month in Islam according to the lunar calendar. Because the calendar follows the cycles of the moon, unlike the Gregorian calendar commonly used in the West, Ramadan falls at different times each year.

During Ramadan, Muslims believe that God revealed the holy text of the Quran to the Prophet Muhammad, the first verses of which were transmitted on “The Night of Power” (Laylat al-Qadr in Arabic). Muslims refrain from eating or drinking from dawn to dusk for the entire month and are encouraged to contemplate their relationship with God.

The American Islamic College of Chicago said it would mark the holiday overlap by hosting an interfaith cart next week to visit various faith-based organizations. The event will also recognize Baha’i, Sikh, Hindu and Buddhist holidays.

However, on Friday, more than 150 people were injured after clashes between Israeli security forces and Palestinians in Jerusalem.

“My heart is full of pain this morning as I watch the scenes emerging from Jerusalem,” said Mustafa Farooq, CEO of the National Council of Canadian Muslims, mentioned on Twitter. “As I know that our common communities celebrate Passover, Ramadan and Good Friday, if there is one thing that gives me hope, it is that my friends in each community want peace.”

Newsweek contacted the Institute for Islamic, Christian and Jewish Studies (ICJS).


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