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Imprisoned Iranian activist Narges Mohammadi wins 2023 Nobel Peace Prize

LONDON — Imprisoned Iranian activist Narges Mohammadi won the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday.

The Norwegian Nobel Committee, responsible for selecting the winners of the Nobel Peace Prize each year, decided to award the prize this year to Mohammadi, 51, “for her fight against the oppression of women in Iran and for her fight in in favor of human rights and women’s freedom. all.”

“His courageous fight came at enormous personal cost,” the committee said in a statement Friday.

In addition to his notoriety, Mohammadi will receive a cash reward of 11 million Swedish crowns, or approximately $998,850.

Since her first arrest in 2011, Mohammadi has been imprisoned 13 times and convicted five times. In total, she was sentenced to 31 years in prison and 154 lashes. She was held in the notorious Evin Prison in Tehran.

Although she was jailed for recent protests following the death last year of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini while in police custody in Iran, Mohammadi “still assumes leadership” and “helps ensure that the protests do not run out of steam”, according to the Norwegian daily. Nobel Committee.

“From prison, she expressed support for the protesters and organized solidarity actions among her fellow inmates. Prison authorities responded by imposing even stricter conditions,” the committee said. “Mohammadi was not allowed to receive calls or visitors. She nevertheless managed to smuggle out an article that the New York Times published on the first anniversary of Mahsa Jina Amini’s assassination. The message was: ‘The more they lock up we become stronger.'”

Amini’s death “triggered the largest political protests against Iran’s theocratic regime since it came to power in 1979,” according to the Norwegian Nobel Committee. Hundreds of thousands of Iranians took part in peaceful protests against the regime, which in turn launched a harsh security crackdown that left more than 500 people dead and more than 20,000 others arrested.

“This year’s Peace Prize also recognizes the hundreds of thousands of people who, in the previous year, demonstrated against the theocratic regime’s discriminatory and oppressive policies against women,” the committee added.

Of the 615 times the Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to individuals and organizations, only 61 times have been awarded to women. Mohammadi is the 19th woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize and the second Iranian, after human rights activist Shirin Ebadi who won the prize in 2003.

Peace was the fifth and final prize category mentioned by Swedish inventor and scholar Alfred Nobel in his last will and testament. He devoted most of his fortune to the series of awards, the Nobel Prizes.

The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded each year to “the person who has accomplished the most or the best work in favor of fraternity among nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congress,” as described in Nobel’s will. .

All Nobel Prizes are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden, except for the Nobel Peace Prize, which is awarded in Oslo, Norway.

ABC News

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