Skip to content
How Interoperability Can Improve Crypto Payments

IInteroperability in crypto payments refers to the ability of different cryptocurrencies and blockchain networks to communicate, exchange value, and interact seamlessly. It is the foundation for creating a unified and interconnected ecosystem where various digital assets and payment systems can interact without friction.

Currently, the crypto space is characterized by many cryptocurrencies, each with its own blockchain network and set of protocols. However, these cryptocurrencies often operate in isolation, which limits their ability to be used interchangeably for payments. Interoperability aims to overcome these limitations by enabling compatibility and connectivity between cryptocurrencies and their networks.

By achieving interoperability, users can easily transact and transfer value between various cryptocurrencies. For example, it would allow someone to use Bitcoin to purchase goods or services denominated in Ethereum or any other supported cryptocurrency. It eliminates the need for complex conversions, reduces transaction costs, and provides greater flexibility in using digital assets for everyday payments in the expanding crypto landscape.

Interoperability also extends to the integration of crypto payments with traditional financial systems. It enables seamless interaction between crypto wallets and existing payment networks, such as credit cards or online payment processors, facilitating wider acceptance of cryptocurrencies in traditional commerce.

Standardization efforts and interoperability protocols, such as atomic swaps, cross-chain bridges, and decentralized exchanges, are crucial to establishing interoperability within the crypto ecosystem. These mechanisms enable the secure and trustless exchange of assets between different blockchains, ensuring compatibility and smooth operation across multiple cryptocurrencies.

Understanding the Challenges of Crypto Payments

There are many challenges associated with the current state of payments in the blockchain space.

Lack of standardization and compatibility between different cryptocurrencies

One of the main challenges with crypto payments is the lack of standardization and compatibility between different cryptocurrencies. There are thousands of cryptocurrencies available, each with their unique characteristics, protocols and functionalities.

This lack of standardization makes it difficult for merchants and consumers to adopt and use cryptocurrencies as a widely accepted method of payment. Additionally, compatibility issues arise when transferring funds between different cryptocurrencies or integrating crypto payment systems into existing financial infrastructure.

Fragmented payment networks and limited acceptance

Another challenge is the fragmentation of payment networks and the limited acceptance of cryptocurrencies. While some merchants and online platforms have started to accept cryptocurrencies as a form of payment, overall acceptance is still relatively limited. This creates a barrier to wider adoption, as consumers may struggle to find places to spend their cryptocurrencies.

Additionally, the lack of integration between different payment networks and crypto wallets makes it difficult for users to transfer funds seamlessly across different platforms.

High transaction fees and slow processing times

High transaction fees and slow processing times are significant challenges in crypto payments. Cryptocurrency transactions often involve transaction fees which can be relatively high, especially during times of heavy network congestion. This can make small transactions unprofitable and discourage micropayments.

Additionally, blockchain-based cryptocurrencies, like Bitcoin, often suffer from scalability issues, leading to slow processing times and delays in transaction confirmations. These factors hinder the efficiency and usability of cryptocurrencies as a medium of exchange.

Security and privacy issues

Security and privacy issues pose challenges for crypto payments. Although cryptocurrencies offer pseudonymity, they are not entirely anonymous. Blockchain transactions are recorded on a public ledger, which allows transactions to be tracked and associated with specific addresses.

This lack of complete privacy raises concerns for users who wish to keep their financial transactions private. The decentralized nature of cryptocurrencies can also make them vulnerable to hacking, fraud, and scams. Therefore, users should take extra precautions to secure their crypto wallets and protect their funds.

Understanding the challenges of crypto payments requires acknowledging the lack of standardization and compatibility between cryptocurrencies, fragmented payment networks and limited acceptance, high transaction fees and slow processing times, as well as the issues of security and confidentiality. Overcoming these challenges is crucial for wider adoption and successful integration of cryptocurrencies as a mainstream form of payment.

Possible interoperability solutions and technologies for crypto payments

Several interoperability solutions and technologies are being developed to address interoperability challenges in crypto payments. These solutions aim to facilitate seamless communication and exchange of value between different cryptocurrencies and blockchain networks.

One solution is Atomic Swaps, which allows peer-to-peer exchanges between cryptocurrencies without an intermediary. This technology uses smart contracts to ensure the secure and trustless exchange of assets between compatible blockchains.

Cross-chain bridges are another important solution, as they establish a connection between different blockchain networks, allowing the transfer of assets between them. These bridges act as intermediaries, facilitating interoperability by creating a link between otherwise isolated blockchains.

Interoperability protocols, such as Polkadot, Cosmos, and Aion, are being developed to standardize communication and data transfer between blockchain networks. These protocols aim to create a universal framework for communication and interoperability between chains.

Sidechains and Layer-2 solutions provide scalability and interoperability by creating secondary blockchain networks connected to the main blockchain. As a result, they enable faster and more profitable transactions while maintaining compatibility with the main blockchain.

Emerging platforms like Embr and Mattr One have also created crypto payment solutions. Like a payment gateway or processor like Stripe or PayPal, the Embr Payments API makes it easy for retailers to accept a variety of payment types.

Compared to Mattr One, real-time gross settlement (RTGS) systems and payment rails like the Automated Clearing House (ACH) system and the Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT) are more suitable analogues.

Mattr One does all the work in the background. i.e. John Doe has Ether (ETH) and wants to buy an item to sell to Fantom (FTM). Instead of buying ETH with fiat currency and linking his tokens to the Fantom network, John clicks a button, and Mattr One, as a DeFi payment rail, does all the work in the background in real time. . Each blockchain ecosystem is like a country with its own economic infrastructure, so users must have the exact currency to transact within its borders. With Mattr One, users can pay with any non-blockchain related crypto to purchase desired NFTs or crypto-assets wherever the technology is implemented.

Bridge aggregators, for example, can adopt Mattr One as an additional offering or even revamp their entire product to primarily use the protocol. This would provide bridge aggregators with enhanced capabilities to connect different blockchain networks and facilitate efficient real-time asset transfers instead of having to wait for a typically long and unpredictable amount of time.

Digital wallets can integrate the Embr Payments API to expand their service offerings. This integration empowers digital wallets, providing users with instant value exchange functionality. This means that users can seamlessly convert between cryptocurrencies and interact with various blockchain networks directly from their wallets without having to use external third-party CEXs or DEXs to contain users.

Marketplaces could also leverage Embr’s payment platform to upgrade their accepted payment currency from one, typically the paired asset, to any. This integration enables marketplaces to support transactions involving NFTs, auctions, and other blockchain-based assets. As a result, users can enjoy a flexible and streamlined experience when participating in these activities.

Additionally, Mattr One as a payment rail challenges the current liquidity supply for onramps by providing a unified liquidity layer providing any on-chain asset instantly instead of relying on providers like ZeroHash or pads. centralized exchange orders.


Interoperability and speed of transactions in crypto-payments are essential to creating a more interconnected, fast and efficient financial landscape, enabling seamless transactions, improving user experience and driving wider adoption of cryptocurrencies as a means of payment. ‘exchange.

The views and opinions expressed herein are the views and opinions of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of Nasdaq, Inc.


Not all news on the site expresses the point of view of the site, but we transmit this news automatically and translate it through programmatic technology on the site and not from a human editor.