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The Parliament adopted definitively, on the night of Sunday to Monday, the anti-Covid-19 bill. This extends in particular the controversial health pass and forces caregivers to be vaccinated. France 24 takes stock of all the measures contained in the text.
Extension of the health pass, compulsory vaccination of caregivers, isolation of positive Covid-19 cases for ten days … After six days of examinations by senators and deputies, and more than 2,300 amendments, the health bill was definitively adopted on Sunday July 25.
What exactly does this text contain? France 24 takes stock of the main measures.
- Extension of the sanitary pass
The health pass – negative test, vaccination certificate or certificate of recovery – entered into force this week in “places of recreation and culture” bringing together more than 50 people. Except for 12-17 year olds, exempt from health passes until September 30, according to the agreement reached between deputies and senators.
In August, with the bill, this pass must be extended to cafes, restaurants, fairs and trade shows, as well as to planes, trains, long-distance coaches and medical establishments except in emergencies. The decision to apply it to shopping centers is up to the prefects.
The lack of control in a transport will be punishable, for its manager, a fine of 1,500 euros – one year of imprisonment and 9,000 euros fine in the event of verbalization more than three times in thirty days.
For other places affected by the pass, managers who do not check will be notified by the administrative authority, then the place may be closed for a maximum of seven days. In the event of a breach more than three times over 45 days, the manager will incur one year’s imprisonment and a fine of 9,000 euros.
>> To read – Extension of the health pass: what are our European neighbors doing?
Employees in the sectors concerned will be required to have a health pass as of August 30. An employee without proof will be suspended, without pay.
If the situation persists for more than three days, the person will be summoned for an interview in order to examine “the means of regularizing his situation, in particular the possibilities of assignment” to a post not subject to the obligation of the pass.
The use of a fraudulent pass will be punished with a fine of 135 euros – six months imprisonment and 3,750 euros fine if this occurs more than three times in 30 days. The penalties in the event of degradation of a vaccination center will be increased.
Employees and public officials benefit from an absence authorization to go to medical appointments related to vaccinations against Covid-19.
- Compulsory vaccination of caregivers
The bill makes compulsory the vaccination of staff in hospitals, clinics, nursing homes and retirement homes, firefighters, certain soldiers, as well as for professionals and volunteers with the elderly, including at home.
This vaccination obligation (or presentation of a certificate of recovery after Covid-19) will take full effect on September 15. Until then, the professionals concerned will still be able to present negative tests – and beyond that date if they have received a first injection.
Exemptions are possible for people who justify a medical contraindication to vaccination.
Professionals refusing vaccination will ultimately not risk dismissal – this point had been fiercely discussed – but risk being banned from practicing, with suspension of salary.
- Isolation of positive cases
People tested positive for Covid-19 must be placed in isolation for a non-renewable period of ten days in the accommodation they determine. Isolation may end earlier if the test is negative.
An appeal will be possible before the judge of freedoms and detention.
People will only be able to go out between 10 a.m. and 12 p.m. and in an emergency.
Health insurance will ensure that isolation is respected. In the event of a suspicion of non-compliance, it will refer the matter to the prefect, who can carry out on-site checks – outside the night from 11 p.m. to 8 a.m. and from the beach 10 a.m. to 12 p.m.
People who do not respect isolation will be liable to a fine of 1,500 euros.
This bill is based on the extension until November 15 of the transitional regime of gradual exit from the state of emergency, and not until December 31 as initially wished by the executive. This regime makes it possible to order restrictive measures (movement of people, access to establishments open to the public, etc.) including the health pass.
The state of health emergency is also extended in Reunion Island and Martinique until September 30. A curfew has been put in place there.
Guadeloupe, Saint-Barthélemy and Saint-Martin will also be under a state of emergency, the day after the law is enacted. The text also opens the door to the application of this regime in Mayotte.