The Minister of the Interior, Gérald Darmanin, spoke before the Senate Law Commission on the bill against “separatism”. He announced that he wanted to control 89 mosques.
On March 3, during a hearing before the Senate Law Commission, Gérald Darmanin announced that his services would check mosques suspected of “separatism” as soon as the bill “reinforcing republican principles” had entered into force. force.
In his speech, the Minister of the Interior took up the notion of “atmospheric jihadism” conceptualized by the French political scientist Gilles Kepel, recalling that in France, there were 2,500 places of Muslim worship, of which 89 are suspected of separatism. He also recalled that 17 have already been closed. Once the law comes into force, “I will organize by the services of the Ministry of the Interior the control of 89 separatist places of worship in the weeks that follow,” said Gérald Darmanin.
This bill against “separatism” was adopted at first reading by the deputies in February. It is currently being examined by the Senate Law Committee. Article 44 of this text establishes a temporary closure procedure for places of worship which incite hatred or violence, or tend to encourage them.
These 89 identified places of worship are spread over 33 departments and are subject to “special monitoring”, reports AFP, citing a source from the ministry. Seventeen have already been closed, in particular for reasons of non-compliance with safety standards. They are located in Bouzonville and Forbach (Moselle), in Marseille (Bouches-du-Rhône), Thiers (Puy-de-Dôme), in Pré-Saint-Gervais, Sevran and Neuilly-Plaisance (Seine-Saint-Denis), in Villeneuve-Saint-Georges, Vitry-Sur-Seine (Val-de-Marne), Montmagny, Goussainville and Villiers-le-Bel (Val-d’Oise).
A “balance” between freedoms and the need to fight these “entrisms” to separatism
The Minister for Citizenship, Marlène Schiappa, who came to defend the text in the company of Gérald Darmanin, for her part drew the attention of senators to the measures of the text which aim to better supervise associations, in particular by evoking the “contract of ‘commitment’ that they would have to sign in order to benefit from public subsidies. For Marlène Schiappa, the principle is simple: “not a public euro” should go into the pockets of the enemies of the Republic.
Referring to the place of women that certain extremist ideologies can call into question and stressing the need to establish the principle of equality between men and women, the Minister Delegate specified that “certificates of virginity” would be prohibited and that doctors who wish to establish them would face criminal prosecution. Marlène Schiappa also underlined that this text gave new weapons against “forced marriages” or “fraudulent marriages” with provisions which would make it possible to verify the real consent of the spouses.
Gérald Darmanin made it clear that this text should preserve a “balance” between individual and associative freedoms while fighting against these “entrisms” which lead to separatism. As a preamble, he recalled in particular that the provisions of this text covered a large number of actors or themes: public services, local authorities, associations, online hatred, strengthening of religious provisions …