This June 20 takes place the first round of the French regional and departmental elections. The polling stations have been open since 8 a.m. and will respect special sanitary conditions due to the Covid-19 epidemic.
Sunday 20 June
Polling stations opened at 8 a.m. in mainland France. 48 million voters are called to the polls until 6 p.m., 7 p.m. or 8 p.m. depending on the municipality.
This June 20 takes place the first round of regional and departmental elections throughout the national territory (metropolitan and overseas). These were to take place in March but were postponed for three months due to the health context.
Polling stations have been open since 8 a.m. and will close at 6 p.m. in the vast majority of municipalities. In the most populous cities, this schedule is however pushed back to 8 p.m.
Given the Covid-19 epidemic, the polling stations will have to respect special health conditions: limitation to three of the number of voters present simultaneously in the office (six if the polling station is both regional and departmental) , priority queue outside for vulnerable people, provision of a hand washing point or hydroalcoholic gel, wearing a mask compulsory, regular ventilation of the premises throughout the day, etc.
Regional councilors are normally elected for six years, but given the change in polling date to 2021, and the presidential election being held in 2027, the term of councilors elected that month will end in March 2028.
If a list obtains an absolute majority of the votes cast (more than 50%), it obtains a quarter of the seats to be filled. The other seats are distributed by proportional representation among all the lists having obtained at least 5% of the votes cast. If no list obtains this majority, there will be a second round next week, on June 27. Lists having obtained at least 10% of the votes cast may be maintained in the second round, and possibly merged with the lists having obtained at least 5% of the votes.
The regional council has the competence to promote the economic, social, health, cultural and scientific development of the region; support for access to housing and home improvement; support for city policy and urban renewal; support for education policies; the development and equality of its territories, as well as to ensure the preservation of its identity and the promotion of regional languages.
Regional councilors are also elected for six years, and their term will end in March 2028.
Departmental elections are organized using a two-round majority binomial ballot. If a pair receives the absolute majority and the suffrage of a quarter of the registered voters, it is elected in the first round. If neither of the pairs wins in the first round, a second round will be organized on June 27. Only pairs that have obtained at least 12.5% of the votes of registered voters (and not of the votes cast) are maintained. In the second round, the relative majority, that is to say the greatest number of votes, suffices to be elected.
The departmental councils are in charge of solidarity, social actions, health (elderly people, social assistance to children, handicap, RSA, APA); sustainable land use planning (protection of green spaces, departmental roads, departmental fire and rescue services); education, culture, sport (colleges, heritage preservation, libraries, sports facilities, departmental museums).
Several territories now constitute communities with special status which are not affected by these departmental elections: the City of Paris has, for example, since 2019 been a community with special status which has replaced the municipality of Paris and the department of Paris (its deliberative assembly, the council of Paris, is elected during municipal elections). The metropolis of Lyon, Guyana, Martinique, the Collectivité de Corse, are also communities with special status. The overseas communities (French Polynesia, Wallis-and-Futuna, Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon, Saint-Martin and Saint-Barthélemy) and New Caledonia are not departments and therefore have no departmental councils.