Your skin is the largest organ in your body. It is the outermost layer, and it protects all other organs from harm.
Some types of makeup can protect you from sun damage, so people often forgo other types of protection like sunscreen. But when it comes to ultraviolet (UV) rays, you can never be too safe.
What are UV rays?
Sunlight contains UV rays. UV rays provide your body with vitamin D, an essential nutrient that supports your immune system, bone health, and more.??
UV rays can also be dangerous. Overexposure can lead to:
- Aging of the skin
- Skin damage
- Skin cancer??
UV rays come naturally from the sun. However, tanning beds, stadium lights, and some lasers can expose you to artificial UV rays.
What is the UV index?
The ultraviolet (UV) index is how weather services indicate the intensity of UV radiation from the sun. The rating is used to guide how you protect yourself from overexposure.??
Even at the lowest level of the UV Index, the Environment Protection Agency (EPA) suggests protection such as sunglasses and sunscreen. At the highest level, protection from sun damage is a necessity.
What’s wrong with SPF?
Make-up, sunscreen, and other cosmetic products have a sun protection factor (SPF). Cosmetics with an SPF label protect your skin from the harmful effects of the sun.??
SPF measures the amount of UV radiation needed to cause sunburn. The higher a product’s SPF, the better you can manage UV exposure before you get sunburned. For example, a sunscreen with an SPF of 15 provides adequate protection, but an SPF 30 or 50 protects even more.
Is makeup with SPF sufficient?
Make-up with an SPF is attractive. You can cut back on your morning routine, protect your skin, and look great in fewer steps. But, unfortunately, that may not be enough to protect you from sun damage.??
Consider it logically. A cosmetic with an SPF protects the skin it covers. Make-up with SPF will protect areas like your lips and cheeks.??
Now what about your hands, neck, chest, arms, and other exposed areas? Your makeup with SPF will not help protect these areas from sun damage.??
Make-up with sunscreen may be enough to protect your face (if you use it all over your face). A safe and recommended routine is to use sunscreen with your SPF makeup. Sunscreen protects what your makeup doesn’t.
Other ways to protect yourself from UV rays
Even if your makeup does not protect you enough from the sun, there are several ways you can protect your skin.??
Avoid rush hour. You should limit the time you spend in direct sunlight during the day. The sun’s rays are most dangerous from 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m., so avoiding them during this time will help you avoid sun damage.??
Find shade. You don’t have to stay indoors to avoid UV rays. Lounging under an umbrella, sitting under a tree and relaxing in a gazebo keeps you away from the sun’s rays. But, of course, you should still use sunscreen and wear protective clothing.??
Cover yourself with clothes. It may be uncomfortable at first, but covering your skin with clothing will protect it from UV rays. Clothing like long-sleeved shirts and pants will save your skin. Even simple accessories like sunglasses and hats are helpful.??
Hats will help you if you have little or no hair. The top of your head is sensitive to the sun. Without hair to protect your scalp, you are exposed to strong UV radiation.??
Sunglasses also protect your eyeballs, not just the skin on your eyelids. Sun damage can damage the skin in your eyes. UV rays can also damage your eyes and cause cataracts.??
Avoid light colored environments.Snow, sand and lightweight concrete reflect sunlight. This reflection makes UV rays more intense and can double your exposure.
Use sunscreen as recommended. Expired sunscreen provides less protection against UV rays. Also, reapply sunscreen every two hours outdoors. Reapply it more frequently if you are sweating or swimming. ??
Familiarize yourself with the trends in your local UV Index. Your location will have its UV index trends. If you know the frequent levels of UV radiation, you know what kind of precautions you need to take.
Who is at risk?
All skin colors can suffer sun damage when exposed to UV rays. People with naturally pale skin and light hair should exercise extreme caution.
People being treated for skin cancer or whose family members have skin cancer should also be careful. They could be at risk when exposed to UV rays.