Cyber ​​defence: EU steps up action against cyber threats

On Thursday 10 November, the Commission and the High Representative presented a Joint Communication on an EU Cyber ​​Defense Policy and an Action Plan on Military Mobility 2.0 to address the deteriorating security environment following Russia’s aggression against Ukraine and to strengthen the EU’s ability to protect its citizens and infrastructure.

With its new Cyber ​​Defense Policy, the EU will strengthen cooperation and investment in cyber defense to better protect, detect, deter and defend against an increasing number of cyber attacks.

Cyberspace has no borders. Recent cyberattacks on energy networks, transport infrastructure and space assets show the risks they pose to civilian and military actors. This calls for more action to protect citizens, armed forces, as well as EU civilian and military missions and operations, against cyber threats.

The EU cyber defense policy aims to strengthen EU cyber defense capabilities and strengthen coordination and cooperation between military and civilian cyber communities (civilian, law enforcement, diplomatic and defence). It will improve the effectiveness of IT crisis management within the EU and help reduce our strategic dependencies on critical cyber technologies, while strengthening the European Defense Technological Industrial Base (EDTIB). It will also stimulate the training, attraction and retention of cyber talent and strengthen cooperation with our partners in the field of cyber defense.

EU cyber defense policy is built around four pillars that cover a wide range of initiatives that will help the EU and Member States:

  • Acting together for a stronger European cyber defense: The EU will strengthen its coordination mechanisms between national and European cyber defense actors, in order to increase the exchange of information and cooperation between the military and civilian cybersecurity communities, and to continue to support missions and CSDP military operations.
  • Securing the EU defense ecosystem: Even non-critical software components can be used to carry out cyberattacks against companies or governments, including in the defense sector. This requires additional work on cybersecurity standardization and certification to secure military and civilian domains.
  • Investing in Cyber ​​Defense Capabilities: Member States must significantly increase investments in modern military cyber defense capabilities in a collaborative way, using cooperation platforms and funding mechanisms available at EU level, such as PESCO, the European Defense Fund, as well as Horizon Europe and the Digital Europe Programme.
  • Partner to address common challenges: Building on existing security and defense as well as cyber dialogues with partner countries, the EU will seek to build tailor-made cyber defense partnerships.

The Commission and the High Representative, including in his capacity as Head of the European Defense Agency (EDA), will present an annual report to the Council of the EU in order to monitor and assess the progress of the implementation of the actions included in the Joint Communication on EU Cyber ​​Defense Policy. Member States are encouraged to contribute through their contributions to the advancement of implementation measures that take place in national or cooperative formats. An implementation plan could be drawn up in cooperation with the Member States.


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