During the first confinement (from March 17 to May 11, 2020), part of the assets were placed in partial activity, another in telework. But in order to meet the basic needs of the population, a certain number continued to work face-to-face, in contact with other people. In Brittany, 304,700 people worked in these key professions, ie more than 23% of the workforce. This proportion ranks Brittany at the top of the regions in France, just ahead of Corsica (21.9%).
The key jobs are classified into four categories: “Jobs in contact with patients in a hospital environment” (caregivers, hospital nurses and hospital doctors / 26.6%); “Professions in contact with patients outside of hospitals” (home helpers, carers, physiotherapists, doctors and nurses, etc. / 19.2%); “Professions in frequent contact with mainly customers or colleagues” (cashiers, bakers, ambulance workers, butchers, garbage collectors, taxi drivers, etc. / 39.4%); “Professions in occasional contact with mainly clients or colleagues” (truck drivers, delivery men, postmen, law enforcement, etc. / 14.8%).
The Breton particularity concerns the weight of the food industry in our region, which brings together 7% of the key assets in the packaging of products, against 2% nationally for each of these activities.
Geographically, the share of jobs represented by key workers varies inversely with the regional distribution of the population. For example, in metropolitan Rennes, key workers represent one in six workers, against one in three in the King Morvan community, which includes 21 Morbihan municipalities including Gourin, Le Faouët, Guémené-Sur-Scorff, etc.
Like the rest of France, key professions concern women more than men in Brittany, where they make up 59% of the workforce, or 180,000 people. This Breton feminization is particularly strong in the care professions. Thus in Brittany, the 115,700 professionals in these key professions make up 84.4% of the workforce in hospitals and 80.8% outside hospitals, respectively.