While the document detailed new measures on how the world’s biggest polluter will decarbonize, the country is not updating its commitment to cut emissions.
Xi has not left China since the start of the pandemic and is unlikely to attend COP26 in person. The government has yet to announce details of its summit delegation.
The new guidelines, released by the state-run Xinhua News Agency, indicate that China will phase out its consumption of fossil fuels. By 2030, China has said the proportion of the energy it uses from non-fossil fuel sources will reach 25%. Thirty years later, China aims to have 80% of its total energy consumption come from non-fossil fuels, according to the document, according to Xinhua.
By 2030, China said its CO2 emissions per unit of GDP will fall by 65% from 2005 levels.
China is already a world leader in renewable energy production, but will need to increase its capacity in wind and solar to meet its climate goals. By 2030, China aims for its total installed capacity of wind and solar power to reach more than 1,200 gigawatts, Xinhua said.
Previously, China pledged that renewable energies represent 25% of its installed electric capacity, and that wind and solar represent 16.5% of Chinese energy by 2025.
To achieve its climate goals, China will carry out “a deep industrial restructuring, accelerating the development of a clean, low-carbon, safe and efficient energy system” and accelerate the “construction of a low-carbon transport system” , according to Xinhua.
However, China has said it needs to ensure food and energy security as it decarbonises. Beijing pushed coal mines to cut production earlier this year as the country pursued its ambitious carbon emissions reduction targets. But demand has increased for projects that require fossil fuels, and there hasn’t been enough electricity for everyone.
He said China should “respond to the economic, financial and social risks that may accompany the green and low-carbon transition” and prevent “overreaction and ensure safe carbon reduction.”
– CNN’s Yong Xiong, Laura He and Philip Wang contributed to this report.