Black Ribbon Day: History, Meaning and Facts


By CNBCTV18.com IST (Released)

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The observance of the day aims to promote democratic values ​​and create awareness against authoritarian ideologies similar to Nazism, Fascist, Stalinist and other oppressive regimes.

The European Day of Remembrance for Victims of All Totalitarian and Authoritarian Regimes or Black Ribbon Day is celebrated annually on August 23.

The day is observed by the countries of the European Union, Canada, the United States and other countries in remembrance of the victims of mass executions under totalitarian and authoritarian regimes, under the Nazi and Fascist regimes.

This day aims to promote democratic values ​​and raise awareness against authoritarian ideologies similar to Nazism, Fascist, Stalinist and other oppressive regimes.

Black Ribbon Day 2022: History and Meaning

This day originated in the 1980s amid the Cold War era. Refugee communities who migrated to Western countries such as the United States and Canada marked the day to protest against communist rule in Russia, which sparked the 1989 Revolution.

Markus Hess, a member of the Estonian Central Council in Canada, coined the term “Black Ribbon Day” because black ribbon was used at the protest. Since then, commemoration of this day has spread beyond North America.

It reached Europe, especially the Baltic countries, and in 2010 the European Union officially recognized it.

This day is important because it commemorates the suffering of people under oppressive rule while educating the world about how totalitarian regimes wreaked havoc and brought no good.

Black Ribbon Day 2022: Facts

1. Millions of people have died around the world because of communist and fascist leaders. Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin were two of the most evil leaders in history.

2. In 1933, Hitler was elected Chancellor of Germany. His tyrannical rule lasted until 1945. The Nazis committed genocide against the Jews under his leadership.

3. However, the Jews were not the only ones to suffer, there were many others. Notably, over a million of Hitler’s victims were children under the age of 18.

4. Joseph Stalin ruled the Soviet Union from 1924 until his death in 1953. Stalinism was the name given to his policies in the communist regime. Even under his long leadership, countless people lost their lives.


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