Developers of powerful AI will need to share security findings and critical information with the U.S. government.
United States President Joe Biden has issued an ambitious executive order aimed at regulating the development of artificial intelligence (AI), amid growing concern about its potential impact on everything from national security to public health.
“To realize the promise of AI and avoid the risks, we must govern this technology,” Biden said Thursday. “In the wrong hands, AI can make it easier for hackers to exploit vulnerabilities in the software that runs our society. »
The decree includes a provision that developers of the most powerful AI models must inform the government of their work and share the results of security tests.
It also calls on the National Institute of Standards and Technology to establish “rigorous standards” for testing AI before release, the Commerce Department to develop guidelines for identifying AI-generated content, and agencies funding AI-generated content. “life science projects” to establish “strict new standards for biological synthesis screening” to ensure that AI cannot create biological risks.
Biden also called on Congress to pass data privacy legislation and for the Justice Department to address “algorithmic discrimination” between landlords and federal benefits programs.
White House Deputy Chief of Staff Bruce Reed hailed the measures as “the strongest set of actions that any government in the world has ever taken on safety, security and confidence in matters of AI” and the “next step in an aggressive strategy to do everything on all fronts to harness the benefits of AI and mitigate the risks.”
Fears about the risks of AI have grown exponentially since last year’s release of Open AI’s ChatGPT, whose capabilities caught regulators and government officials around the world off-guard.