Alphabet’s YouTube ad business hit by war in Ukraine: Quarterly revenue beats expectations


Alphabet, Google’s parent company, announced its first quarterly shortfall of the pandemic on Tuesday after the war in Ukraine hurt YouTube ad sales, leaving investors shaken as the global economy slumps.

The world’s largest search and video provider has made a fortune over the past two years as the pandemic forced more stores and people to go online. But surpassing those sales is proving difficult so far this year with war, rising inflation and product shortages causing advertisers to forego marketing campaigns, analysts say.

Alphabet chief financial officer Ruth Porat said it was too early to predict when war-stricken sales might resume and warned that the strengthening US dollar would hurt sales even more in the current quarter.

Alphabet shares, which have risen nearly 90% in the past two years, fell about 2.5% after Tuesday night’s results. They had fallen 3.6% in the regular session.

David Wagner, portfolio manager at Aptus Capital Advisors, expressed growing concerns about the macro environment. “Alphabet has been considered one of the most isolated companies in the ad space compared to its peers, but sometimes you can still own the best house in the worst neighborhood,” he said.

Alphabet said first-quarter sales reached $68.01 billion (about Rs. 5,21,185 crore), up 23% from last year but below the average estimate of 68, $1 billion (roughly Rs. 5,21,184 crore) among financial analysts tracked by Refinitiv, its first miss since the fourth quarter of 2019.

Notably, YouTube’s ad sales of $6.9 billion (about Rs. 52,881 crore) missed analysts’ target of $7.5 billion (about Rs. 57,485 crore), according to FactSet.

Porat said the war in Ukraine that began in the quarter had an “outsized impact” on YouTube’s revenue as the company shut down ad sales in Russia and brand advertisers, particularly in Europe. , reduced their spending after the outbreak of fighting.

Google globally made 1% of its sales in 2021 in Russia, Porat said.

She also reported moderate growth in sales to direct-response advertisers on YouTube, and added that app store fee reductions to address antitrust concerns had wiped out gains in subscription revenue.

Google’s ‘other’ revenue, which includes sales of apps, hardware and subscriptions, was $6.8 billion (about Rs. 52,880 crore), below estimates of 7.3 billion (about Rs. 57,484 crore).

Quarterly profit was $16.44 billion (about Rs. 1.26,010 crore), or $24.62 (about Rs. 1,890) per share, missing expectations of $25.76 (about Rs. 1 974) per share.

Alphabet also said its board had authorized another $70 billion (about Rs. 5,36,490 crore) in share buybacks. It has repurchased over $81 billion (about Rs. 6,20,795 crore) in shares over the past two years.

ADVERTISING SLOWDOWN

Google is expected to grab 29%, or the top share, of the $602 billion (roughly Rs. 46,12,975 crore) global online advertising market in 2022, at least the 12th consecutive year it has topped the list. according to Insider Intelligence.

Sophie Lund-Yates, chief equity analyst at Hargreaves Lansdown, said in a note that the macro environment could bring ups and downs for Alphabet, although the company remains indispensable to consumers and advertisers.

Last week, Snap warned that inflation, labor shortages and other economic challenges could put pressure on ad revenue.

Facebook’s parent company, Meta Platforms Inc, the second-largest online advertising platform with an expected global market share of 21.4% in 2022, released its results on Wednesday. Its shares fell 2.5% on Tuesday after Alphabet’s results.

Growing competition from companies such as Amazon.com and ByteDance’s TikTok is also reducing Google ad sales. Yet retailers continue to pour money into advertisements, and travel and entertainment advertisers are once again on the rise. Additionally, Google is better positioned than its competitors to withstand economic shocks as its advertising tools tend to be among the last to be abandoned by advertisers as they are well known, easy to use and reach more users than alternatives.

Topping the list of risks the company faces are numerous lawsuits and investigations aimed at determining whether Google has engaged in anticompetitive behavior through its advertising and other activities.

The latest scrutiny has focused on its pending $5.4 billion (about Rs 41,378 crore) acquisition of cybersecurity services provider Mandiant, which the US Department of Justice is closely scrutinizing. Google said it still expects to close the deal this year.

Google Cloud, the unit that is believed to contain Mandiant, increased its first-quarter revenue by 44% from a year ago to $5.82 billion (about Rs. 44,597 crore).

© Thomson Reuters 2022


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