The government announced on Wednesday evening new measures following the conclusions of an inspection mission carried out after Mérignac feminicide (Gironde) at the beginning of May, pointing to a series of failures in the follow-up of the violent partner who repeatedly offends and the protection of the victim.
This report was the subject of a meeting on Wednesday evening in Matignon chaired by Prime Minister Jean Castex in which Eric Dupond-Moretti (Justice) and Gérald Darmanin (Interior), Elisabeth Moreno (equality between women and men) and Marlène participated. Schiappa (citizenship).
In total, Matignon announced in a nightly press release “six new measures” to strengthen the protection of victims, some of whom already exist or have already been announced.
The authors of the report, Etienne Lapaire, former justice adviser to Nicolas Sarkozy at the Interior, and Yves Colmou, former adviser to Manuel Valls, thus recommend “to examine the dangerousness” of the author of the violence “before any adjustment of sentence “. For that, they propose to “modify the law so that any adjustment of sentence is preceded by an expertise”.
They also recommend “to improve the protection of the victim prior to the release” of the violent spouse, “to strengthen and secure communication between the competent services” so that they can take “quick decisions”, and finally “better. locally manage the protection of victims ”.
They suggest assigning the victim a “ phone big danger “, And that” before the release of the author of the violence “and to inform him” systematically “of the evolution of the situation of the latter.
The government has announced the availability of 3,000 of these phones by early 2022, an increase of “65% compared to today”.
Chahinez, 31, mother of three, died on May 5 in Mérignac, near Bordeaux, after being shot and wounded by her violent recidivist husband, from whom she was separated, who then burned her alive in the street. This drama sparked a wave of indignation.
The report is damning and denounces a long series of failures of all the players in this file. The government also asked the mission on Wednesday whether certain facts could not be disciplined.
Lack of communication
The alleged perpetrator Mounir B. was sentenced on June 23, 2020 for domestic violence in recidivism to 18 months in prison, including 9 months suspended sentence and warrant of committal at the hearing. But from prison, he telephoned his wife, Chahinez, to threaten her.
In December, he was released under certain conditions: ban on contact with his wife, monthly meeting with his prison adviser (SPIP, prison integration and probation service), etc.
In mid-March, his wife filed a complaint against him at the Mérignac police station after another violent attack. The complaint, note the rapporteurs, is duly treated, with application of the questionnaire dedicated to the assessment of the danger, personalized assessment sheet of victims (EVVI) and sending of the grids to the prosecution. But one of the files is incorrectly completed so that the danger is assessed differently by the police and the courts.
Poor or even lack of communication ensued between the police and the prison administration. While he is wanted by the police, the man appears twice for summons from the prison administration, without being worried.
“Merger of the files” of the police and the judiciary
The rapporteurs recommend “a merger of the two files” (of the police and the justice system) and immediate information of all the actors in the event of the occurrence of new elements (complaint, handbook, search for the author of acts of violence. , etc.).
They also suggest the establishment of a file of perpetrators of domestic violence, as announced recently by the Minister of the Interior Gerald Darmanin, but also “its sharing” between the services. A proposal taken up by Matignon.
At the local level, the authors of the report suggest that the departmental steering committee for “high-danger telephones” meet twice a month, with all the services and in the presence of approved associations. This committee is currently meeting, depending on the departments, at longer intervals (every six months in Gironde) to take stock of the current and future attributions of “high-danger telephones”.
A measure also taken up by the government, which also announces the creation of a “national body to regularly involve the associations” dedicated, a “strengthening of control and possession” of weapons and a committee to monitor measures.
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