Afollowing the decision of the Supreme Court in Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Centerwhich overturned the constitutional right to abortion, abortion rights will now be largely left to the states.
This means that access to the procedure – and its restrictions – is about to change even more drastically depending on where you live. According to a TIME analysis of data from the Guttmacher Institute, a research firm that supports reproductive rights, at least 23 states are likely to ban abortion in some form, while 16 states and Washington DC will protect human rights. abortion. The rest are in limbo: some states will likely convene special sessions of their state legislatures to determine access, others may see access restricted after midterm elections later this year.
Here’s a breakdown of what abortion access might look like in many states.
States where access to abortion is very restricted
13 states have “trigger bans” that were designed to implement full or near-total bans on abortion as soon as possible. deer was overthrown.
Bans in Kentucky, Louisiana and South Dakota look set to go into effect immediately. In Idaho, Tennessee and Texas, the new laws will go into effect in 30 days.
Restrictive abortion laws in Arkansas, Mississippi, Missouri, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Utah and Wyoming require state attorneys general, governors or other officials to take measures to enforce the bans..
Read more: Residents already have to travel for abortion training. Experts fear Roe’s end will make it even harder
Oklahoma and Texas began testing the limits of abortion restriction before Roe vs. Wade was overthrown. Oklahoma passed the nation’s most restrictive abortion law in May, which bans nearly all abortions with a few exceptions. Texas enacted a law last fall banning abortions after about six weeks. Both states also implemented trigger bans that would now make abortion a crime.
States strengthen access to abortion
After a draft Supreme Court opinion leaked in early May, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Oregon and Washington got to work to strengthen access to abortion in order to prepare for the final decision.
These states will not only continue to provide abortion services, but they have also strengthened various laws requiring insurance providers to cover abortion costs, expanded who is legally qualified to provide abortions, or changed extradition statutes. to protect abortion providers and patients who travel from states where abortion is prohibited from extradition and prosecution.
States with limited access to abortion
Iowa, Ohio, South Carolina and Georgia all had six-week abortion bans that were previously blocked by the courts for violation Roe vs. Wade. Going forward, every state will likely seek to quickly reinstate those laws.
Earlier this year, Arizona and Florida both enacted 15-week bans that were already set to go into effect later this summer. State legislatures could now pass stricter abortion bans.
Read more: New abortion clinics are opening near borders and airports to expand access as far away as possible
Michigan and West Virginia both passed laws that would criminalize abortions 15 weeks before the Supreme Court’s ruling. Both of these laws have been challenged in court and are currently the subject of litigation.
Alabama will likely choose between restoring a pre-deer banning abortion or resolving litigation against a 2019 law banning almost all abortions. The Iowa Supreme Court has just ruled that abortions are not protected by the state constitution, paving the way for state lawmakers to ban abortion.
Wisconsin has a dormant abortion ban that was overturned by Roe vs. Wade; now it could take effect again. (Wisconsin’s attorney general said he wouldn’t enforce the ban, but local prosecutors may consider doing so.)
States where access will remain the same
People in Colorado, Illinois, Maine, Massachusetts, Nevada, Rhode Island, Vermont and Washington DC can expect to see no change in abortion access. Several of these states have passed laws enshrining abortion as a right and protecting those who seek or perform abortion. Minnesota and New Mexico will likely see abortion remain legal, although the states do not explicitly protect this right.
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