5 facts about Latino education in American schools in 2022

The population of Hispanic or Latino students in public schools is growing in the United States. But between pandemic disruptions, teacher shortages and a lack of bilingual programs, many school districts may not be ready for them. We wanted to better understand which states would be most affected, so we dug into census data and studies from national education groups. Here is what we found:

The U.S. Department of Education’s National Center for Education Statistics predicts that by 2030, nearly 30% of all public school students will be Hispanic or Latino:

This means there will be approximately 14 million Hispanic or Latino students in the education system by 2030.

On average, 1 million Hispanic or Latino babies were born each year during the 2010s, a slight increase from the previous decade. About 350,000 Hispanic or Latino immigrants arrive each year — a decrease from the previous two decades, according to the Pew Research Center.

This map shows English language learners (students learning English as a second language) as a percentage of total enrollment in the state. Spanish was the first language of more than 75% of English language learners and 7.9% of all public school students.

Performance in math and reading has plummeted for all groups of students during the pandemic. However, Hispanic or Latino students experienced greater declines than their non-Latino white peers on measures of academic progress from the NWEA, an intermediate assessment administered in schools across the country. Here are the decreases from 2019 to 2021:

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USA Today

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